Ann Dermatol.  2001 Sep;13(3):175-178. 10.5021/ad.2001.13.3.175.

Two Cases of Type V Hyperlipoproteinemia and Eruptive Xanthomas associated with Diabetes Mellitus

Abstract

We report two cases of type V hyperlipoproteinemia and eruptive xanthomas associated with diabetes mellitus in a 44-year-old woman and a 25-year-old woman. They had asymptomatic, diffuse, erythematous yellowish papules on the extremities and buttocks. The laboratory studies showed increased serum blood glucose, total cholesterol, triglyceride, increasing pre-β and chylomicron bands on electrophoresis of lipoprotein. Histopathologic findings of erythematous yellowish papules on the thigh and buttock revealed aggregation of foam cells in the dermis. They have been treated with diet control, hypoglycemic agent (gliclazide) and hypolipidemic drug (gemfibrozil), and are under continued supervision.

Keyword

Type V hyperlipoproteinemia; Eruptive xanthoma; Diabetes mellitus
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