Tuberc Respir Dis.  2000 Oct;49(4):466-473. 10.4046/trd.2000.49.4.466.

Early response of cardiopulmonary exercise test(CPET) in patients with locally advanced Non-Small Cell Lung cancer treated with radiation

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer are often treated with radiation alone or in combination with chemotherapy. Both modalities have a potentially damaging effect on pulmonary function. In order to examine changes in the cardiopulmonary exercise function of patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer before and after conventional radiotherapy, we conducted a prospective study involving patients with such cancer, that had received radiation therapy.
METHODS
Resting pulmonary function test, thoracic radiographic finding and cardiopulmonary exercise test(CPET) were assessed prior to and 4 weeks following radiation therapy in 11 male patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer. Patient with endobronchial mass were excluded.
RESULTS
The forces vital capacity(FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second(FEV1)and maximal voluntary ventilation(MVV) did not decreased between before and 4 weeks after radiation but the diffusing capacity(DLCO) had decreased by 11% 4 weeks after radiation, which was not statistically significant. No changes in maximal oxygen consumption(VO2max), carbon dioxide production(VCO2), exercise time and work load were attributed to radiation therapy. Follow up cardiopulmonary exercise testing revealed unchanged cardiovascular function, ventilatory function and gas exchange. No difference in cardiopulmonary exercise test performance was observed between pre- and post-radiation.
CONCLUSION
Cardiopulmonary exercise function did not decrease within the short-term after the radiation of patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer.

Keyword

Lung cancer; Radiation; Cardiopulmonary exercise test

MeSH Terms

Carbon Dioxide
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung*
Drug Therapy
Exercise Test
Follow-Up Studies
Forced Expiratory Volume
Humans
Lung Neoplasms
Male
Oxygen
Prospective Studies
Radiotherapy
Respiratory Function Tests
Carbon Dioxide
Oxygen
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