J Korean Ophthalmol Soc.  1995 Jul;36(7):1147-1154.

Cumulative Incidence and Risk Factors of Diabetic Retinopathy

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Eulji General Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

In order to investigate the cumulative incidence and risk factors for diabetic retinopathy among non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, 116 patients which given diagnosis of diabetes at age 30 years or older who had been followed-up for more than 10 years and were initially free from retinopathy were analysed retrospectively. Several risk factors for retinopathy were analysed at the initial examinations: sex, age at the onset, age at the initial examination, duration, fasting plasma glucose(FPG), two-hour postpradial plasma glucose(pp2), blood pressure, hypertension status, therapeutic regimen, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglyceride, body mass index. After a mean follow-up time of 11.7 years. The cumulative incidence was 31.0%. By univariate analysis. Significant risk factors of retinopathy were age at the onset, age at the initial examination. FPG, PP2, therapeutic regimen. However, By using multivariate analysis. Independent risk factors were not found.

Keyword

Cumulative incidence; Diabetic retinopathy; Risk factors

MeSH Terms

Blood Pressure
Body Mass Index
Cholesterol
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetic Retinopathy*
Diagnosis
Fasting
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Hypertension
Incidence*
Multivariate Analysis
Plasma
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors*
Triglycerides
Cholesterol
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