J Korean Ophthalmol Soc.  1998 Jul;39(7):1528-1535.

Clinical Analysis of Retinopathy of Juvenile Diabetes

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

To investigate the incidence, clinical findings and risk factors of retinopathy of juvenile diabetes, we retrospectively studied the medical records of patients from 1986 to 1997. We analysed 140 eyes in 70 patients underwent on annual indirect ophthalmoscopic examination and, when needed, a fluorescein angiography. After mean follow-up of 5.5 years, diabetic retinopathy was observed in 20 eyes(11 patients) and majority of them was mild nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy. In three eyes(two patients) proliferative diabetic retinopathy was developed. The mean age of the diagnosis of retinopathy was 16.2 years and at the first detection of diabetes was 9.0 years. In the univariate analysis, the total duration of diabetes, the duration of diabetes after puberty, sex and hypertension were not related to diabetic retinopathy but the HbAlc level, family history, and microalbuminuria were related. These results show important considerations during follow-up examination of the fundus in juvenile diabetes.

Keyword

Incidence; Juvenile diabetes; Risk factors
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