J Korean Acad Prosthodont.  2006 Jun;44(3):284-294.

Photocatalytic antifungal activity against candida albicans by TiO2 coated acrylic resin denture base

  • 1Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, Chosun University, Korea


Statement of problem. Proliferation of Candida albicans is primarily within the plaque on the fitting surface of the denture rather than on the inflamed mucosa. Consequently, the treatment of the denture is equally important as treatment of the tissue. Cleansing and disinfection should be efficiently carried-out as the organisms can penetrate into the voids of the acrylic resin and grow in them, from which they can continue to infect and reinfect bearing tissues. Purpose. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the applicability of photocatalytic reaction to eliminate Candida albicans from acrylic resin denture base, and to investigate the antifungal effect with various UVA illumination time.
Materials and Methods
. The specimens were cured by the conventional method following the manufacturer's instruction using thermal polymerized denture base resin (Vertex RS; Dentimex, Netherlands). TiO2 photocatalyst sol(LT), which is able to be coated at normal temperature, was made from the Ti-alkoxide progenitor. The XRD patterns, TEM images and nitrogen absorption ability of the TiO2 photocatalyst sol(LT) were compared with the commercial TiO2 photocatalyst P-25. The experimental specimens were coated with the mixture of the TiO2 photocatalyst sol(LT) and binder material (silane) using dip-coater, and uncoated resin plates were used as the control group. Crystallinity of TiO2 of the specimen was tested by the XRD. Size, shape and chemical compositions were also analyzed using the FE-SEM/EDS. The angle and methylene blue degradation efficiency were measured for evaluating the photocatalytic activity of the TiO2 film. Finally, the antifungal activity of the specimen was tested. Candida albicans KCTC 7629(1 ml, initial concentration 105cells/ml) were applied to the experiment and control group specimens and subsequently two UVA light source with 10W, 353 nm peak emission were illuminated to the specimens from 15cm above. The extracted 2 microliter of sample was plated on nutrient agar plate (BactoTM Brain Heart Infusion; BD, USA) with 10 minute intervals for 120 minute, respectively. It was incubated for 24 hours at 37 degree C and the colony forming units (CFUs) were then counted.
. Compared the characteristics of LT photocatalyst with commercial P-25 photocatalyst, LT were shown higher activity than P-25. The LT coated experimental specimen surface had anatase crystal form, less than 20 nm of particle size and wide specific surface area. To evaluate the photocatalytic activity of specimens, methylene blue degradation reaction were used and about 5% of degradation rate were measured after 2 hours. The average contact angle was less than 20.indicating that the LT photocatalyst had hydrophilicity. In the antifungal activity test for Candida albicans, 0% survival rate were measured within 30 minute after irradiation of UVA light.
. From the results reported above, it is concluded that the UVA-LT photocatalytic reaction have an antifungal effect on the denture surface Candida albicans, and so that could be applicable to the clinical use as a cleaning method.


Titanium dioxide (TiO2); Photocatalysis; antifungal activity; Denture cleansing; Denture-related stomatitis

MeSH Terms

Candida albicans*
Denture Bases*
Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
Methylene Blue
Mucous Membrane
Particle Size
Stem Cells
Survival Rate
Methylene Blue
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