Pediatr Allergy Respir Dis.  2002 Mar;12(1):18-26.

Immunologic Responses in Infants with Asthma and Bronchiolitis

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common etiologic agent of acute bronchiolitis in infancy, and has been regarded as a possible cause of hyperreactive airway disease later in childhood. This study was performed to compare the immunologic responses between infantile asthma and bronchiolitis and to evaluate whether these immunologic responses can be useful markers to predict the development of subsequent wheezing.
METHODS
We analyzed the serum concentrations of interleukin-4 (IL-4) and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) from 29 infantile asthmatics, 13 infants with bronchiolitis, and 19 non-atopic controls. RSV infection was confirmed with indirect immunofluorescent staining and viral culture.
RESULTS
Serum concentrations of IL-4 and sICAM-1 were significantly higher in infants with asthma compared with infants with those of controls. Peripheral blood eosinophils were significantly decreased in RSV positive bronchiolitis, but there were no differences in the serum concentrations of IL-4 and sICAM-1 between the infants with and without RSV infection. Serum concentrations of IL-4 and sICAM-1 in the first wheezing episode were higher in infants with persistent wheezing than those without.
CONCLUSION
There are significant differences in immunologic responses between infantile asthma and bronchiolitis, and the serum IL-4 and sICAM-1 levels in the first wheezing episode may be used as a marker to predict the development of subsequent wheezing.

Keyword

Infantile asthma; Bronchiolitis; IL-4; sICAM-1
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