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Thiamine Deficiency in a Child with Short Bowel Syndrome and Review

Roilides I, Vasilaki K, Xinias I, Iosifidis , Antachopoulos C, Roilides E

Thiamine (vitamin B₁) is a water-soluble vitamin that is not endogenously synthesized in humans. It is absorbed by the small intestine, where it is activated. Its active form acts as...
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Associations between Dietary Fiber Intake and Bone Mineral Density in Adult Korean Population: Analysis of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2011

Lee T, Suh HS

BACKGROUND: The correlations between the amount of daily fiber intake and bone mineral densities (BMDs) in Korean adult population were investigated in our study. METHODS: Utilizing the Korean National Health and...
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A case of Wernicke's encephalopathy following complicated laparoscopic pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy

Kim JS, Rho SY, Hwang HK, Lee WJ, Kang CM

Laparoscopic pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPPD)/pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is cautiously regarded as a safe and effective approach in well-selected patients with periampullary cancer. However, postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF), delayed gastric emptying (DGE), postoperative...
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Bilateral Hearing Loss in Wernicke Encephalopathy

Bae H, Park JY, Cho HS, Lim SH, Ha SW

Wernicke encephalopathy is a syndrome caused by thiamine deficiency whose three typical symptoms are ophthalomoplegia, ataxia, and confusion. There are also rare reports of bilateral hearing loss, which can be...
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Antibacterial effects of sodium tripolyphosphate against Porphyromonas species associated with periodontitis of companion animals

Lee JH, Moon JH, Ryu JI, Kang SW, Kwack KH, Lee JY

Porphyromonas species are closely associated with companion animal periodontitis which is one of the most common diseases in dogs and cats and leads to serious systemic diseases if left untreated....
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Miller Fisher syndrome mimicking Wernicke encephalopathy during pregnancy

Seo JH, Kang MR, Yoon BA, Ji KH, Oh SI

Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) is characterized by ataxia, areflexia, and ophthalmoparesis. Here we present a case of MFS mimicking Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) during pregnancy. A 31-year-old woman at 8 weeks...
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Metronidazole-Induced Encephalopathy with Thiamine Deficiency

Kim RY, Lee DS, Gwag BC, Lee YK, Cheon SM, Jeong JH

Metronidazole-induced encephalopathy (MIE) can be caused by excessive dose or prolonged metronidazole administration. The signal abnormalities in the cerebellar dentate nuclei, midbrain, dorsal pons and corpus callosum on magnetic resonance...
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Cereal intake status and nutritional status of adults: results from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2013 ~ 2016

Bae YJ

PURPOSE: This study was performed to evaluate the cereal intake status and explore its relationship with the nutritional status of the Korean adults from 2013 ~ 2016, Korean National Health...
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Dietary Intake of Thiamine in Migraine Patients and Healthy Subjects: a Case-Control Study

Faraji H, Paknahad Z, Chitsaz A

The migraine headache is a disease related to the neurovascular system, which affects 10%–20% of people, worldwide. Recent evidences suggested a relation between thiamine status and migraine headaches. The current...
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Four Cases of Wernicke's Encephalopathy with Impaired Horizontal Vestibular Ocular Reflexes

Jang HS, Shin BS, Seo MW, Oh SY

Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is a neurological disorder induced by a dietary vitamin B1 (thiamine) deficiency which is characterized by encephalopathy, gait ataxia, and variant ocular motor dysfunction. In addition to...
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Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome: A Case Report

Chung SW, Park SW, Seo YJ, Kim JH, Lee CH, Lim JY

A 57-year-old man who was diagnosed with Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome showed severe impairment of cognitive function and a craving for alcohol, even after sufficient supplementation with thiamine. After completing 10 sessions...
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Health and nutritional status of Korean adults according to age and household food security: Using the data from 2010~2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Park GA, Kim SH, Kim SJ, Yang YJ

PURPOSE: This study was performed to identify the health and nutritional status of Korean adults according to food security by age group. METHODS: The subjects were 20~79 year old adults (n...
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Nutrient intake and dietary quality of Korean adults according to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): Based on the 2012~2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Kang BM, Park HR, Lee YM, Song KH

PURPOSE: Food intake of COPD patients decreases because of appetite loss, depression, and breathing problems while eating, which increase the likelihood of patients becoming malnourished. This study investigated the nutrient...
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Nonalcoholic Wernicke's Encephalopathy With Diffuse Cortical Involvement

Sung W, Park S, Jeong YC, Han SG, Kim HY, Kim HT, Kim J, Kim YS

Wernicke's encephalopathy is an acute neurological deterioration due to a reversible brain lesion caused by thiamine deficiency. Most of the affected patients are thiamine-depleted alcoholics, and the condition usually involves...
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Relationship between diet and prevalence of depression among Korean adults: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010

Jeong YJ, Han AL, Shin SR, Lee SY, Kim JH

BACKGROUND: Many studies focus on the causes of depression, but few assess the dietary intake. This study investigated the relationship between diet and prevalence of depression. METHODS: This study used the...
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Body Mass Index, Anthropometric Factors, and Food and Nutrient Intakes of Korean Middle-Aged Males by Year: Based on 2001~2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)

Choi SN, Jho KH, Chung NY

This study investigated anthropometric and biochemical characteristics, food and nutrient intakes, and changes in body mass index (BMI) of Korean middle age men (40~49 yrs). Data on BMI, anthropometric (height,...
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Wernicke's encephalopathy after total parenteral nutrition in patients with Crohn's disease

Shin IS, Seok H, Eun YH, Lee YB, Lee SE, Kim ER, Chang DK, Kim YH, Hong SN

Micronutrient deficiencies in Crohn's disease (CD) patients are not uncommon and usually result in a combination of reduced dietary intake, disease-related malabsorption, and a catabolic state. Decreased serum thiamine levels...
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Wernicke's encephalopathy in a patient with masticator and parapharyngeal space abscess: a case report

Chin YJ, Yoon KH, Park KS, Park JA, Woo MH

Wernicke's encephalopathy is a fatal neurological disease caused by thiamine deficiency. Many reports indicate that Wernicke's encephalopathy is caused by malnutrition. We report the case of a 79-year-old female patient...
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Study on Energy and Nutrient Intake and Food Preference of the Elderly in Care Facilities

Kwon JS, Lee SH, Lee KM, Lee Y

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess energy and nutritional intake and investigate the preference for food and cooking methods of the residents in elderly care facilities. METHODS: Data...
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The Nutrient Intakes and their Relationships with the Use of Diuretics, Symptom Severity and Physical Functioning in Heart Failure Patients

Jang JH, Lee H, Park Y, Chun KJ, Kim JH

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify the differences in nutrient intake according to using diuretics, symptom severity and degree of physical functioning in heart failure patients. METHODS: A...
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