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Effect of saccharin on inflammation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and the related mechanism

Kim HL, Ha AW, Kim WK

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Excessive intake of simple sugars induces obesity and increases the risk of inflammation. Thus, interest in alternative sweeteners as a sugar substitute is increasing. The purpose of this study...
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The MicroRNA hsa-let-7g Promotes Proliferation and Inhibits Apoptosis in Lung Cancer by Targeting HOXB1

Cui F, Zhou Q, Xiao K, Ma S

PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to explore the effects of hsa-let-7g on cell proliferation and apoptosis, and elucidate its role in lung cancer development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression...
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Upregulated Long Noncoding RNA LINC01234 Predicts Unfavorable Prognosis for Colorectal Cancer and Negatively Correlates With KLF6 Expression

Jiang X, Zhu Q, Wu P, Zhou F, Chen J

BACKGROUND: LINC01234, a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA), is overexpressed in several cancers, including colorectal cancer (CRC). We investigated the role of LINC01234 in CRC development and confirmed its correlation with...
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Protocatechuic Aldehyde Represses Proliferation and Migration of Breast Cancer Cells through Targeting C-terminal Binding Protein 1

Deng Y, Guo W, Li G, Li S, Li H, Li X, Niu B, Song M, Zhang Y, Xu Z, Li F

PURPOSE: C-terminal binding protein 1 (CtBP1) is a transcriptional co-repressor that is overexpressed in many cancers. CtBP1 transcriptionally represses a broad array of tumor suppressors, which promotes cancer cell proliferation,...
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Bioactivity of endodontic biomaterials on dental pulp stem cells through dentin

Javid B, Panahandeh N, Torabzadeh H, Nazarian H, Parhizkar , Asgary S

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the indirect effect of calcium-enriched mixture (CEM) cement and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), as 2 calcium silicate-based hydraulic cements, on human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs)...
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Cytocompatibility and cell proliferation evaluation of calcium phosphate-based root canal sealers

Mestieri L, Zaccara IM, Pinheiro L, Barletta F, Kopper PM, Grecca FS

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the cell viability and migration of Endosequence Bioceramic Root Canal Sealer (BC Sealer) compared to MTA Fillapex and AH Plus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: BC Sealer,...
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Curcumin Inhibits the Proliferation, Migration, Invasion, and Apoptosis of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Cell Line by Regulating MiR-21/VHL Axis

Chen L, Zhan CZ, Wang T, You H, Yao R

PURPOSE: Curcumin exerts its anti-cancer effects, partly by targeting special microRNAs, in human cancers. MiR-21 is a key oncomir in carcinogenesis of multiple human cancers. Here, we aimed to further...
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β-carotene Inhibits Expression of c-Myc and Cyclin E in Helicobacter pylori-infected Gastric Epithelial Cells

Kim D, Lim JW, Kim H

BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection is a major risk factor in the development of gastric cancer. H. pylori infection of gastric epithelial cells increases the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS),...
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Protective Effects of Ursolic Acid on Osteoblastic Differentiation via Activation of IER3/Nrf2

Lee SI

BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress is a known to be associated with in the pathogenesis of many inflammatory diseases, including periodontitis. Ursolic acid is a pentacyclic triterpenoid with has antimicrobial, antioxidative, and...
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Influence of traditional medicines on the activity of keratinocytes in wound healing: an in-vitro study

Kotian SR, Bhat KM, Padma D, Pai KS

Natural medicinal systems such as Ayurveda and folk medicine has remedies for wound management. However, the exact cellular and extracellular mechanisms involved in the healing process and its influence on...
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Mesenchymal stem cells in acute myeloid leukemia: a focus on mechanisms involved and therapeutic concepts

Fathi E, Sanaat Z, Farahzadi

Drug resistance in cancer, especially in leukemia, creates a dilemma in treatment planning. Consequently, studies related to the mechanisms underlying drug resistance, the molecular pathways involved in this phenomenon, and...
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Effects of Oxytocin on Cell Proliferation in a Corticotroph Adenoma Cell Line

Lim JS, Eom YW, Lee ES, Kwon HJ, Kwon JY, Choi J, Chung CH, Jo YS, Lee EJ

BACKGROUND: Oxytocin (OXT) has been reported to act as a growth regulator in various tumor cells. However, there is a paucity of data on the influence of OXT on cell...
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Effects of pre-applied orthodontic force on the regeneration of periodontal tissues in tooth replantation

Park WY, Kim MS, Kim MS, Oh MH, Lee SY, Kim SH, Cho JH

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of pre-applied orthodontic force on the regeneration of periodontal ligament (PDL) tissues and the underlying mechanisms in tooth replantation. METHODS: Orthodontic force (50 cN)...
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Anti-malarial Drugs Reduce Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation via Activation of AMPK and Inhibition of Smad3 Signaling

Lee H, Han JH, Kim S, Kim S, Cho DH, Woo CH

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 2 anti-malarial drugs, chloroquine (CQ) and hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), on inhibition of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation both...
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miR-1301/TRIAP1 Axis Participates in Epirubicin-Mediated Anti-Proliferation and Pro-Apoptosis in Osteosarcoma

Yu L, Meng M, Bao Y, Zhang C, Gao B, Sa R, Luo W

PURPOSE: Epirubicin is one of the most effective drugs against osteosarcoma. miR-1301 is involved in the occurrence and development of osteosarcoma. Whether miR-1301 is responsible for the chemosensitivity of osteosarcoma...
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Clonal Cell Proliferation in Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria: Evaluation of PIGA Mutations and T-cell Receptor Clonality

Park J, Kim M, Kim Y, Han K, Chung NG, Cho B, Lee SE, Lee JW

BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is an acquired pluripotent hematopoietic stem cell disorder associated with an increase in the number of glycosyl-phosphatidyl inositol (GPI)-deficient blood cells. We investigated PNH clonal...
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Three-dimensional Printed Mg-Doped b-TCP Bone Tissue Engineering Scaffolds: Effects of Magnesium Ion Concentration on Osteogenesis and Angiogenesis In Vitro

Gu Y, Zhang J, Zhang X, Liang G, Xu T, Niu W

BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional (3D) printed bone tissue engineering scaffolds have been widely used in research and clinical applications. β-TCP is a biomaterial commonly used in bone tissue engineering to treat bone...
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Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2-Conjugated Silica Particles Enhanced Early Osteogenic Differentiation of Adipose Stem Cells on the Polycaprolactone Scaffold

Kim KJ, Choi MS, Shim JH, Rhie JW

BACKGROUND: Silica particles (SPs) induce cell proliferation and osteogenic differentiation. We reported that SPs in the scaffold induced early stage osteogenic differentiation. METHODS: A polycaprolactone (PCL) scaffold was fabricated with a...
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Long Noncoding RNA MALAT1 Regulates Hepatocellular Carcinoma Growth Under Hypoxia via Sponging MicroRNA-200a

Zhao ZB, Chen F, Bai XF

PURPOSE: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common cancer worldwide. Metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1), a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA), has been reported to be aberrantly expressed in hypoxic cancer...
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FGF-17 from Hypoxic Human Wharton's Jelly-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Is Responsible for Maintenance of Cell Proliferation at Late Passages

Han KH, Kim MH, Jeong GJ, Kim AK, Chang JW, Kim DI

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although it is well known that hypoxic culture conditions enhance proliferation of human mesenchymal stem cells, the exact mechanism is not fully understood. In this study, we...
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