Korean J Transplant.  2023 Mar;37(1):1-10. 10.4285/kjt.23.0010.

Impact of institutional case volume of solid organ transplantation on patient outcomes and implications for healthcare policy in Korea

  • 1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea


Solid organ transplantation is distinguished from other high-risk surgical procedures by the fact that it utilizes an extremely limited and precious resource and requires a multidisciplinary team approach. For several decades, institutional experience, as quantified by center volume, has been shown to be strongly associated with patient outcomes and graft survival after solid organ transplantation. The United States has implemented a minimum case volume requirement and performance standards for accreditation as a validated transplantation center. Solid organ transplantation in Europe is also governed by the European Union, which monitors patient outcomes and organ allocation. The number of solid organ transplantation cases in Korea is increasing, with patient outcomes comparable to international standards. However, Korea has outdated regulations regarding hospital facilities, and performance indicators including patient outcomes after transplantation are not monitored. Therefore, centers perform solid organ transplantation with no meaningful oversight. In this review, data regarding the impact of institutional case volume of kidney, liver, lung, and heart transplantation are summarized, followed by a description of current transplantation center regulations in the United States and Europe. The basis for the necessity of adequate transplantation center regulations in Korea is presented.


Delayed graft function; Health policy; Mortality; Organ transplantation; Treatment outcome

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