Cancer Res Treat.  2023 Apr;55(2):523-530. 10.4143/crt.2022.1360.

A Phase II Trial of S-1 and Oxaliplatin in Patients with Metastatic Breast Cancer Previously Treated with Anthracycline and Taxane (KCSG-BR07-03)

  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Department of Translational Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 4Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
  • 5Center for Breast Cancer, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea
  • 6Department of Oncology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 7Division of Medical Oncology and Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei Cancer Center, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 8Division of Hematology-Oncology, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
  • 9Department of Internal Medicine, Inha University Hospital, Incheon, Korea
  • 10Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea
  • 11Department of Hematology and Oncology, Ewha Womans University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
  • 12Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Anyang, Korea
  • 13Department of Medical Oncology and Hematology, Kyung Hee University Hospital, Seoul, Korea


This single-arm phase II trial investigate the efficacy and safety of S-1 plus oxaliplatin (SOX) in patients with metastatic breast cancer.
Materials and Methods
Patients with metastatic breast cancer previously treated with anthracyclines and taxanes were enrolled. Patients received S-1 (40-60 mg depending on patient’s body surface area, twice a day, day 1-14) and oxaliplatin (130 mg/m2, day 1) in 3 weeks cycle until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR) according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumor 1.1. Secondary endpoints included time-to-progression (TTP), duration-of-response (DoR), overall survival (OS), and adverse events.
A total of 87 patients were enrolled from 11 institutions in Korea. Hormone receptor was positive in 54 (62.1%) patients and six (6.9%) had human epidermal growth factor receptor 2–positive disease. Forty-eight patients (85.1%) had visceral metastasis and 74 (55.2%) had more than three sites of metastases. The ORR of SOX regimen was 38.5% (95% confidence interval [CI], 26.9 to 50.0) with a median TTP of 6.0 months (95% CI, 5.1 to 6.9). Median DoR and OS were 10.3 months (95% CI, 5.5 to 15.1) and 19.4 (95% CI, not estimated) months, respectively. Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia was reported in 28 patients (32.1%) and thrombocytopenia was observed in 23 patients (26.6%).
This phase II study showed that SOX regimen is a reasonable option in metastatic breast cancer previously treated with anthracyclines and taxanes.


Breast neoplasms; Drug therapy; S-1; Oxaliplatin; Phase II trial


  • Fig. 1 CONSORT diagram.

  • Fig. 2 Kaplan-Meier survival curve for time to progression (A) and overall survival (B).



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