J Nutr Health.  2022 Jun;55(3):390-405. 10.4163/jnh.2022.55.3.390.

Effects of nutrition and hygiene education program on healthy eating habits and behavior of the elderly in Chungbuk

Affiliations
  • 1Chungju Medical Center Chungju, Chungju 27486, Korea
  • 2Department of Food Science, Konkuk University, Chungju 27478, Korea
  • 3Department of Food and Nutrition, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 28644, Korea
  • 4Chungcheongbuk-do Provincial Governmnet, Cheongju 28515, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
This study was conducted to effectively apply the nutrition and hygiene education program for improving the nutritional status of the elderly aged 65 years and above.
Methods
The first study was conducted by enrolling 121 willing elderly subjects from welfare centers in four regions of Chungbuk. The second study included 347 people from 10 regions of Chungbuk. Data were analyzed using the SPSS (version 12.0) and SAS (version 9.2) programs.
Results
Most participants in both studies were women, ranging from 70-79 years of age. In the first study, the performance rates of subjects, after imparting the education on hygiene, eating habits, and nutritional knowledge, were significantly increased for all factors. Goesan and Boeun areas were highly effective in hygiene practice and eating habits after education.In the second study, Chungju had the most educational effect on hygiene education, with a score of 6.41 points before education and 7.68 points after education. The greatest impact of education on eating habits was obtained at Goesan, with 9.23 points and 11.26 points before and after education, respectively. Large regional differences were determined for the effect of the education program. For nutritional knowledge, the combined average score of Boeun and Goesan showed a maximum increase after education. When considering satisfaction, the scores of Cheongju and Jeungpyeong increased the most after education, whereas Goesan showed that the average scores before and after education were close to perfect. Surprisingly, the Okcheon area, where there was no significant difference in the educational effect after the education program in the first study, showed significant improvement for all factors after the second education program. The current study indicates that continuous education programs are essential for improving the nutritional status of the elderly.
Conclusion
Therefore, continuous nutrition and hygiene education programs are recommended to improve the nutritional status of the elderly.

Keyword

aged; eating habits; hygiene; knowledge; education
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