Korean J Community Nutr.  2010 Oct;15(5):593-602.

Effect of Nutrition Education Program Developed by a Public Health Center on Preschool Children's Nutrition Knowledge and Dietary Habits and the Parent's Dietary Attitudes

Affiliations
  • 1Jincheon Community Health Center, Chungbuk, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Chung Cheong University, Cheongwon, Korea.
  • 3Department of Food and Nutrition, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Korea. taisun@chungbuk.ac.kr

Abstract

This study was carried out to examine the effects of nutrition education program developed by Jincheon Public Health Center on preschool children's nutrition knowledge and dietary habits and the parents' dietary attitudes. The subjects of this study were five- and six-year-old children as well as their parents. A 5-week nutrition education program was implemented to 104 children in five day care centers, and 107 children in three day care centers were investigated as a control group. Activity tools designed for each lesson such as puzzles, food magnets, story, songs, Pierrot costume, and balls were used. Nutrition knowledge and dietary habits of children and dietary attitudes of parents were evaluated before and after education. Mean nutrition knowledge score in the education group was significantly higher than that in the control group after education (p < 0.001). Mean dietary habit score of three questions (three meals a day, eating at fixed time, eating breakfast) in the education group was also significantly higher than that in the control group after education (p < 0.01). In addition, parents in the education group showed significantly higher mean dietary attitude score than those in the control group even though they did not receive education (p < 0.001). Our nutrition education program was found to be effective in improving nutrition knowledge and dietary habits in preschool children as well as improving dietary attitudes in their parents.

Keyword

preschool children; nutrition education; public health center

MeSH Terms

Child
Child, Preschool
Day Care, Medical
Eating
Food Habits
Humans
Magnets
Meals
Parents
Public Health
Singing
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