Korean J Community Nutr.  2009 Oct;14(5):509-520.

Effects of Weight Control Program on Food Habits, Eating Behaviors and Life Habits in Obese Elementary School Children

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Food&Nutrition, Duksung Women's University, Seoul, Korea. khkim@duksung.ac.kr

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of weight control program on food habits, eating behaviors and life habits in obese elementary school children. The program consisted of nutritional education, physical exercise and behavioral therapy was conformed for 10 weeks. Participants of the study involved 41 obese children and their parents. There was significant difference in waist circumference (p<0.05) and children's body fat % significantly decreased from 35.8% to 33.0% (p<0.01) after program. There was significant increase (p<0.05) in HDL-cholesterol, 47.8 (mg/dL) to 53.6 (mg/dL) after weight control program. Food habits and eating behaviors of obese children were showed positively changes but there were no significant differences after program. Regularity of having breakfast and amount of meal under the stress condition were not significantly different after program. The levels of physical activity of obese children were significantly increased from 1.40(hr) to 1.74(hr) per day (p<0.05). But there were no significant changes in spending hours of watching television and playing computer games. Food habits, eating behavior and physical activity showed significant correlations to weight control. These results suggest that the body weight control program for obese children including nutrition education, physical exercise and behavioral therapy may be effective to improve their food habits, eating behaviors and life habits. Nevertheless we need a more concentrating program to improve life habits such as physical activity and watching television.

Keyword

weight control program; obese children; food habits; eating behavior; life habits

MeSH Terms

Adipose Tissue
Body Weight
Breakfast
Child
Eating
Feeding Behavior
Food Habits
Humans
Meals
Motor Activity
Parents
Physical Education and Training
Television
Waist Circumference
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