Korean J Intern Med.  2021 Mar;36(2):332-341. 10.3904/kjim.2019.089.

Progression of ascending aortopathy may not occur after transcatheter aortic valve replacement in severe bicuspid aortic stenosis

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Cardiology, Cardiovascular Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Background/Aims
We evaluated changes in the ascending aorta dimension post-transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in bicuspid aortic valve (BiAV) and tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) patients.
Methods
Patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing TAVR at Seoul National University Hospital were consecutively recruited. Patients with less than 12 months’ follow-up and/or with an ascending aorta size larger than 50 mm were excluded. The ascending aorta size was measured on a parasternal long axis view using transthoracic echocardiography.
Results
Among the 67 patients who were included (age: 76.5 ± 6.5 years; male: 52.2%; AV area: 0.67 ± 0.15 cm2), 19 (28.4%) had BiAV; 48 (71.6%) had TAV. The median (interquartile ranges) follow-up duration was 398 days (361 to 451). BiAV patients were younger (73.2 ± 7.2 vs. 77.8 ± 5.8, p = 0.008), and had lower incidences of chronic renal disease (5.3% vs. 35.4%, p = 0.014) and history of coronary intervention (15.8% vs. 50.0%, p = 0.013), than TAV patients. On pre-procedural echocardiography, the ascending aorta dimensions in BiAV patients were larger than those in TAV patients (40.5 ± 3.8 mm vs. 35.9 ± 4.2 mm, p < 0.005). The ascending aorta dimension changed minimally during follow-up; post-TAVR, the ascending aorta’s growth rate was –0.11 ± 1.9 and 0.26 ± 1.8 mm/yr in patients with BiAV and TAV, respectively (p = 0.50). Progression of the ascending aorta’s dimension postTAVR was not clinically significant in BiAV patients.
Conclusions
The concern about the progression of aortopathy in BiAV patients post-TAVR may not be a clinical issue. This should be confirmed in studies with a larger population and with a longer follow-up duration.

Keyword

Aortic valve stenosis; Transcatheter aortic valve replacement; Bicuspid; Aortic aneurysm
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