Anat Biol Anthropol.  2020 Sep;33(3):135-142. 10.11637/aba.2020.33.3.135.

The Visible Korean: Movable Surface Models of the Foot

  • 1Department of Anatomy, Ajou University School of Medicine, korea
  • 2Department of Anatomy, Dongguk University School of Medicine, korea


Abstract : Movable surface models are needed for anatomy education and the electromagnetic radiation industry. The purpose of this study is to present how to make movable surface models in detail, so that anyone can make movable surface models for the desired purpose. In addition, it helps students and researchers who need to know joint motion to study anatomy. Using Photoshop software, the segmented images of 53 structures of leg and foot were created based on the female sectioned images of Visible Korean. In Mimics software, the surface models were created by stacking and surface-reconstructing the segmented images. In Maya software, two virtual joints were inserted in the ankle joint and subtalar joint of the surface models, and in Ziva software, the properties of the bone and muscle surface models were made like real bones and muscles. By rotating the bones on virtual joints in Maya, plantar flexion, dorsiflexion, inversion, or eversion of the foot surface models were checked. The surface models were made as PDF using Deep Exploration software and Adobe Acrobat software. All surface models were saved as MB files, ObJ files, and PDF files. In Maya software and Adobe Reader software, the surface models could be moved in anatomical position, plantar flexion, dorsiflexion, inversion, and eversion. In this study, commercial software was used to find a way to move the structure of surface models as if it were real. In the near future, using the technology developed in this study, the movements on all joints in the surface models of Visible Korean will be materialized. When the movable surface models with these movements are made, it will be very useful not only for anatomy education but also for industrial use.


Ankle Joint; Subtalar joint; Visible Human Project; Three Dimensional Imaging
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