Korean J Urol Oncol.  2020 Apr;18(1):24-31. 10.22465/kjuo.2020.18.1.24.

Impact of Multiple Prostate Biopsies: Risk of Perioperative Complications and Biochemical Recurrence After Radical Prostatectomy

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Urology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea
  • 2Department of Urology, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea
  • 3Department of Urology, Dongguk University College of Medicine, Gyeongju, Korea
  • 4Department of Urology, Daegu Fatima Hospital, Daegu, Korea
  • 5Joint Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
The aim of this study was to analyze the perioperative complications and oncological outcomes of radical prostatectomy (RP) in patients who underwent multiple prostate biopsies.

Materials and Methods
A total of 1,112 patients who underwent RP between January 2009 and April 2016 at 4 different centers were included in this study. We divided these patients into 2 groups: patients who underwent only 1st biopsy, and those who underwent 2nd or more repeated biopsies. The association between the number of prior biopsies and perioperative complications and biochemical recurrence (BCR) was analyzed.

Results
Of 1,112 patients, 1,046 patients (94.1%) underwent only 1st biopsy, and 66 (5.9%) underwent 2nd or more repeated biopsies. There were no significant differences in preoperative prostate-specific antigen levels, operation times, blood loss volumes, or hospital stay durations (all p>0.05). Patients who underwent multiple prostate biopsies presented with a localized tumor significantly more often (p<0.05). The Gleason score and rate of positive surgical margins were significantly lower in patients with multiple biopsies (all p<0.05). The Cox proportional hazards model analysis indicated that there was no association between the number of prior prostate biopsies and BCR (p>0.05). Kaplan-Meier curve analysis indicated that BCR-free survival rates between the 2 groups were similar (p>0.05).

Conclusions
Multiple prostate biopsies are not associated with an increased risk of perioperative complications, adverse pathological outcomes, or higher rates of BCR in patients who have undergone RP. (Korean J Urol Oncol 2020;18:24-31)

Keyword

Prostate cancer; Radical prostatectomy; Multiple prostate biopsy; Perioperative complication; Biochemical recurrence
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