Brain Neurorehabil.  2020 Mar;13(1):e3. 10.12786/bn.2020.13.e3.

Effect of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Post-stroke Patients with Severe Upper-Limb Motor Impairment

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Research Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. kimdy@yuhs.ac
  • 2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Veterans Health Service Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Eulji University Hospital, Eulji University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.

Abstract

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been known to improve the motor function through modulation of excitability in the cerebral cortex. However, most studies with rTMS were limited to post-stroke patients with mild to moderate motor impairments. The effect of rTMS on severe upper-limb motor impairment remains unclear. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of rTMS on the upper extremity function in post-stroke patients with severe upper-limb motor impairment. Subjects were divided into 3 groups, low-, high-frequency rTMS and control group were received stimulation 10 times for 2 weeks. The motor scale of Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) and cortical excitability on the unaffected hemisphere were measured before and after performing 10 rTMS sessions. The motor scale of upper extremity FMA (UE-FMA) and shoulder component of the UE-FMA were significantly improved in both low- and high-frequency rTMS groups. However, no significant improvement was observed in the wrist and hand components. No significant differences were noted in low- and high-frequency rTMS groups. The amplitude of motor evoked potential on the unaffected hemisphere showed a significant decrease in the low- and high-frequency stimulation groups. rTMS may be helpful in improving upper extremity motor function even in post-stroke patients with severe upper-limb motor impairment.

Keyword

Transcranial magnetic stimulation; Recovery of function; Upper extremity; Cortical excitability
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