Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg.  2019 Aug;23(3):228-233. 10.14701/ahbps.2019.23.3.228.

Predictive factors for gangrene complication in acute calculous cholecystitis

Affiliations
  • 1King Abdullah International Medical Research Center/King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. shirah007@ksau-hs.edu.sa
  • 2Department of General Surgery, Al Ansar General Hospital, Medina, Saudi Arabia.
  • 3Department of Radiology, Al Ansar General Hospital, Medina, Saudi Arabia.
  • 4Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

BACKGROUNDS/AIMS
Gallbladder gangrene is a grave complication of acute calculous cholecystitis that is difficult to detect preoperatively. Ultrasound could show a gallbladder wall that is more thickened. In addition, other clinical measures were reported to be possible predictive factors. Therefore, we aim in this study to evaluate the gallbladder wall thickness measured by ultrasound and other clinical measures as predictive factors for gangrene complication in acute calculous cholecystitis.
METHODS
A prospective cohort database analysis of the results of 674 patients diagnosed and treated for acute calculous cholecystitis between January 2010 and December 2014 was done. Patient's inclusion criteria were acute calculous cholecystitis in adults who were operated within three days of onset of symptoms.
RESULTS
117 (17.4%) patients had gangrene. Gallbladder sonographic wall thickness 5.1-6 mm, more than 6 mm, male gender, diabetes mellitus, leukocytosis >15,000 cells/ml, and age ≥40 years were found to be factors predisposing to gangrene complicated acute calculous cholecystitis that represented a statistically significant difference (p≤0.01).
CONCLUSIONS
We conclude that gallbladder sonographic wall thickness 5.1-6 mm, more than 6 mm, male gender, diabetes mellitus, leukocytosis >15,000 cells/ml, and age ≥40 years were found to be factors predisposing to gangrene complicated acute calculous cholecystitis that represented a statistically significant difference. By implementing these risk factors, patients urgency for surgery can be decided in the emergency department. Other risk factors such as high alanine aminotransferase, elevated aspartate aminotransferase, and high alkaline phosphatase could be of help in the decision for early operation.

Keyword

Acute calculous cholecystitis; Complications; Risk factors; Gangrene of the gallbladder; Gallbladder wall thickness; Ultrasound

MeSH Terms

Adult
Alanine Transaminase
Alkaline Phosphatase
Aspartate Aminotransferases
Cholecystitis*
Cohort Studies
Diabetes Mellitus
Emergency Service, Hospital
Gallbladder
Gangrene*
Humans
Leukocytosis
Male
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Ultrasonography
Alanine Transaminase
Alkaline Phosphatase
Aspartate Aminotransferases
Full Text Links
  • AHBPS
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
    DB Error: unknown error