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Culture-Positive Spontaneous Ascitic Infection in Patients with Acute Decompensated Cirrhosis: Multidrug-Resistant Pathogens and Antibiotic Strategies

Liu J, Gao Y, Wang X, Qian Z, Chen J, Huang Y, Meng Z, Lu X, Deng G, Liu F, Zhang Z, Li H, Zheng X

PURPOSE: This study investigated multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens and antibiotic strategies of culture-positive spontaneous ascitic infection (SAI) in patients with acute decompensated cirrhosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 432 acute decompensated...
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Comparison of the trometamol-balanced solution with two other crystalloid solutions for fluid resuscitation of a rat hemorrhagic model

Ting WT, Chang RW, Wang CH, Chen YS, Lee JJ

Currently, the optimal resuscitation fluid remains debatable. Therefore, in the present study, we designed a trometamol-balanced solution (TBS) for use as a resuscitation fluid for hemorrhagic shock. Hemorrhagic shock was...
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Impact of Intravenous Omega-3-Enriched Lipid Emulsion on Liver Enzyme and Triglyceride Serum Levels of Children Undergoing Gastrointestinal Surgery

Hanindita , Widjaja NA, Irawan R, Hidayat B, Hariastawa IA

PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of omega-3-enriched lipid emulsion (LE) on liver enzyme (aspartate transaminase [AST] and alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) and triglyceride (TG) levels of children undergoing gastrointestinal surgery. METHODS: This...
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Polymorphism in Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor -173GC in Pediatric Patients with Autoimmune Hepatitis

Alsayed MA, Elbeah SM, El-Desoky , Elziny SM, Megahed A

PURPOSE: Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic disease that may lead to cirrhosis. The immunopathogenesis of AIH is not fully understood and it mainly involves T-cell mediated mechanism. Macrophage migration...
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Deferiprone Related Arthropathy in 11-Year-Old Boy with Hereditary Spherocytosis

Seo YK, Han JK, Suh WS, Park KB

Regular transfusion therapy in children with intractable hematologic disorder results in hemosiderosis. It causes several organ damages such as liver, heart, and endocrine system and increases risk of infection. Thus,...
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Gastric Ulcers with Cytomegalovirus Infection in an Immunocompetent Patient

Kim TO, Shim KN, Kim SY, Lim JY, Choe AR, Tae CH, Moon CM, Kim SE, Jung HK, Jung SA

Cases of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection are rare, and this infection is commonly asymptomatic in immunocompetent patients. Here, we report a pathologically proven case of CMV infection in gastric ulcers in...
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Predictors of poor prognosis in patients with heat stroke

Chun JK, Choi S, Kim HH, Yang HW, Kim CS

OBJECTIVE: The predictors of poor prognosis in heat stroke (HS) remain unknown. This study investigated the predictive factors of poor prognosis in patients with HS. METHODS: Data were obtained and analyzed...
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Application of body composition zones in boys with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

Choi M, Lee S, Bae SH, Chung S

PURPOSE: Screening nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) by body mass index (BMI) as a single surrogate measure for obesity has limitations. We suggest considering body composition zones by drawing a...
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The Effect of Mesenchymal Stem Cells Derived Microvesicles on the Treatment of Experimental CCL4 Induced Liver Fibrosis in Rats

Sabry D, Mohamed A, Monir M, Ibrahim HA

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The release of microvesicles (MVs) from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been implicated in intercellular communication, and may contribute to beneficial paracrine effects of stem cell-based therapies....
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Aripiprazole-induced Hepatitis: A Case Report

Castanheira L, Fernandes , Levy P, Coentre R

Aripiprazole is an atypical antipsychotic that acts as a partial agonist of dopamine type 2 receptors as well as 5-HT1A receptors. It is used in the treatment of schizophrenia and...
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Inhibition of miRNA-222-3p Relieves Staphylococcal Enterotoxin B-Induced Liver Inflammatory Injury by Upregulating Suppressors of Cytokine Signaling 1

Zhang P, Yu J, Gui Y, Sun C, Han W

PURPOSE: Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) has been well-documented to induce liver injury. miRNA-222-3p (miR-222-3p) was implicated in SEB-induced lung injury and several liver injuries. This study aimed to explore the...
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Comparison of toxic responses to acetaminophen challenge in ICR mice originating from different sources

Jeong TB, Kim JH, Kim SH, Lee S, Son SW, Lim Y, Cho JY, Hwang DY, Kim KS, Kwak JH, Jung YS

Acetaminophen (APAP) is the most common antipyretic analgesic worldwide. However, APAP overdose causes severe liver injury, especially centrilobular necrosis, in humans and experimental animals. At therapeutic dosage, APAP is mainly...
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Serum Aminotransferase Level in Rhabdomyolysis according to Concurrent Liver Disease

Jo KM, Heo NY, Park SH, Moon YS, Kim TO, Park J, Choi JH, Park YE, Lee J

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The serum aminotransferase level is usually elevated in rhabdomyolysis, and these enzymes originate from the skeletal muscle. On the other hand, there is limited data showing whether the degree...
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Therapeutic Plasma Exchange in a Patient with Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis

Roh J, Kim S, Nah H, Lee K, Kim HO

A 22-year old female patient with systemic lupus erythematosus presenting microangiopathic hemolytic anemia was treated with therapeutic plasma exchange 23 times. The patient's condition and laboratory findings (aspartate aminotransferase, alanine...
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Result Patterns and Characteristics of HBeAg and HBV DNA in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B

Choi EJ, Kim JH, Han MS

BACKGROUND: Discrepancies in the results between hepatitis B e-antigen (HBeAg) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA levels pose difficulties in the management of chronic hepatitis B (CHB). This study aims...
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The roles of triglyceride/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio and uric acid as predisposing factors for metabolic syndrome in healthy children

Katsa ME, Ioannidis , Sachlas A, Dimopoulos I, Chatzipanagiotou S, Rojas Gil

PURPOSE: To estimate the roles of triglyceride/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL) ratio and uric acid in predisposition for metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in healthy children. METHODS: Anthropometric and biochemical analyses...
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Improvement in histology, enzymatic activity, and redox state of the liver following administration of Cinnamomum zeylanicum bark oil in rats with established hepatotoxicity

Niknezhad , Sayad-Fathi S, Karimzadeh A, Ghorbani-Anarkooli M, Yousefbeyk F, Nasiri E

Formaldehyde (FA) is an environmentally-available pollutant. Since the liver acts as a detoxifier in the human body, it is the first and most affected organ in individuals exposed to higher-than-normal...
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Role of Soluble Adiponectin Receptor 2 in Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Children

Aksoy GK, Artan R, Aksoy C, Özdem S, Atalay A, Yılmaz A

PURPOSE: The incidence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in children is gradually increasing. The aim of this study was to investigate the use of serum adiponectin and soluble adiponectin...
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Comparative study of liver injury induced by high-fat methionine- and choline-deficient diet in ICR mice originating from three different sources

Lee S, Kwak JH, Kim SH, Jeong TB, Son SW, Kim JH, Lim Y, Cho JY, Hwang DY, Kim KS, Jung YS

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the leading cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. It is characterized by the accumulation of lipids without alcohol intake and often progresses to non-alcoholic...
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Correlation between synthesis of α2-macroglobulin as acute phase protein and degree of hepatopathy in rats

Ito R, Kuribayashi T

The degree of hepatopathy affecting the synthesis of α2-macroglobulin (α2M) as an acute phase protein in rats was investigated. Hepatopathy was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats by intravenous administration of galactosamine...
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