Korean J Adult Nurs.  2019 Aug;31(4):403-413. 10.7475/kjan.2019.31.4.403.

Factors Influencing Unawareness of Warning Signs of Stroke among Hypertensive Diabetic Patients at a High Risk for Stroke: The 2017 Nationwide Community Health Survey in Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Doctoral Student, Graduate School, College of Nursing, Eulji University, Daejeon, Korea.
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing, Eulji University, Daejeon, Korea. hoh123@eulji.ac.kr
  • 3Assistant Professor, Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Eulji University, Daejeon, Korea.
  • 4Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Songho University, Hoengseong, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to assess the awareness of warning signs of stroke and identify the risk factors influencing such awareness among diabetics with hypertension who are at a high risk for stroke.
METHODS
Data from the 2017 Korea Community Health Survey were used. A total of 15,536 adults older than 30 years diagnosed with hypertension and diabetes mellitus were included in the final analysis. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, χ2 test, and logistic regression with SPSS/WIN 24.0 program.
RESULTS
Among the five warning signs of stroke, "sudden trouble in speaking or understanding" (79.0%) was the most commonly identified one and "sudden severe headache with an unknown cause" (65.2%) was the least. Only 48.8% participants identified all five warning signs and 11.8% could not identify any of them. In the logistic regression model, the risk of unawareness of warning signs of stroke was significantly higher among those aged 30~49 years and 70 years or older, with a lower educational level, without a spouse, and with a heavy alcohol consumption and current smoking status.
CONCLUSION
The level of awareness of warning signs was low in hypertensive diabetic adults. To improve awareness of warning signs of stroke, a customized educational program should be provided to hypertensive diabetic adults considering the risk factors relevant to unawareness of warning signs of stroke. The education on warning signs of stroke can potentially lead to a reduction in morbidity in the survivors.


MeSH Terms

Adult
Alcohol Drinking
Diabetes Mellitus
Education
Headache
Health Surveys*
Humans
Hypertension
Korea*
Logistic Models
Risk Factors
Smoke
Smoking
Spouses
Stroke*
Survivors
Smoke

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