J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs.  2019 May;26(2):136-143. 10.7739/jkafn.2019.26.2.136.

Effects of Two Music Therapy Methods on Agitation and Anxiety among Patients Weaning off Mechanical Ventilation: A Pilot Study

Affiliations
  • 1Nurse Manager, Ewha Womans University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Eulji University, Seongnam, Korea. soohyunp@eulji.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The feasibility and differential effects of two music therapy methods (interventions with preferred music vs. classical relaxation music) were done to examine the effects on agitation and anxiety in patients weaning off mechanical ventilation.
METHODS
This pilot study was conducted using a crossover design. Six patients listened to preferred music choices and classical relaxation music. Anxiety scores were measured using the Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale (RASS), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and visual analog scale (VAS).
RESULTS
Patients showed a significant decrease in agitation and anxiety after both the preferred and classical relaxation music interventions. The difference in the effects of preferred music and that of classical relaxation music was not significant. As for feasibility, patients exhibited a change in agitated behaviors after the music interventions by not trying to take off medical devices and quietly listening to the music, and by smiling and moving lips along with the lyrics while listening.
CONCLUSION
Music interventions which centered on either patients' preferences or classical relaxation music to enhance relaxation, helped reduce agitation and anxiety during the mechanical ventilation weaning process.

Keyword

Music; Agitation; Anxiety; Ventilation

MeSH Terms

Anxiety*
Cross-Over Studies
Dihydroergotamine*
Humans
Lip
Methods*
Music Therapy*
Music*
Pilot Projects*
Relaxation
Respiration, Artificial*
Smiling
Ventilation
Visual Analog Scale
Weaning*
Dihydroergotamine
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