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High-Flow Nasal Cannula Oxygen Therapy Can Be Effective for Patients in Acute Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure with Hypercapnia: a Retrospective, Propensity Score-Matched Cohort Study

Bae S, Han M, Kim C, Lee H, Ahn JJ, Kim JH, Kang BJ

BACKGROUND: Usually, high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) therapy is indicated for de novo acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF). Although only a few researches have examined the effectiveness of HFNC therapy for...
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The efficacy and safety of miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy versus standard percutaneous nephrolithotomy: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Feng D, Hu X, Tang Y, Han P, Wei X

PURPOSE: Our aim was to assess the efficacy and safety of miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mPCNL) versus standard PCNL (sPCNL) to provide higher-level evidence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligible randomized controlled trials were...
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The effect of high fat dietary modification and nutritional status on the outcome of critically ill ventilated children: single-center study

El Koofy N, Rady HI, Abdallah S, Bazaraa HM, Rabie WA, El-Ayadi A

BACKGROUND: Ventilator dependency constitutes a major problem in the intensive care setting. Malnutrition is considered a major determinant of extubation failure, however, attention has been attracted to modulating carbon dioxide...
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Ventilation accelerates lung injury in septic mice

Jung S, Kim S, Cho H, Jeong I, Park J, Jung DI, Yu D

Sepsis is one of the systemic inflammatory responses, and it can cause acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Mechanical ventilation (MV) is one of the best treatments in patients with sepsis...
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The Utility of Non-Invasive Nasal Positive Pressure Ventilation for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Near Drowning Patients

Kim JH, Sun KH, Park YJ

PURPOSE: Near drowning refers to immediate survival after asphyxia due to submersion or immersion in water, which is a crucial public safety problem worldwide. Acute lung injury or acute respiratory...
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The Association of Respiratory Morbidity and Assisted Ventilation Rates in Late Preterm Births after Premature Rupture of Membranes: A Retrospective Cohort Study in a Tertiary Center

Seong JS, Oh SH, Lee SJ, Park JY, Oh KJ, Hong JS

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the association of respiratory morbidity and assisted ventilation rates in late preterm births after premature rupture of membranes (PROM). METHODS: This retrospective...
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Use of a trans-tracheal rapid insufflation of oxygen device in a “cannot intubate, cannot oxygenate” scenario in a parturient: a case report

Lee J, Ng VV, Teo C, Wong P

BACKGROUND: The trans-tracheal rapid insufflation of oxygen (TRIO) device is less commonly used and is an alternative to trans-tracheal jet ventilation for maintaining oxygenation in a “cannot intubate, cannot oxygenate”...
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Spinal anesthesia and postoperative epidural analgesia in a patient with congenital central hypoventilation syndrome: a case report

Choi Y, Lee S, Lee J, Woo S

BACKGROUND: Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is a rare disorder characterized by alveolar hypoventilation and autonomic dysregulation. Patients with CCHS have adequate ventilation while awake but exhibit hypoventilation while asleep....
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Effects of Breathing Exercises in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Ubolnuar N, Tantisuwat A, Thaveeratitham P, Lertmaharit S, Kruapanich C, Mathiyakom W

OBJECTIVE: To update evidence on the effects of breathing exercises (BEs) on ventilation, exercise capacity, dyspnea, and quality of life (QoL) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. METHODS: Randomized controlled...
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Effects of Early Phosphorus Intake on Respiratory Distress in Extremely Low-Birth-Weight Infants

Bae HJ, Yoon HW, Kim MJ, Jung AH, Jung SH, Hahn HJ, Jo YH, Cho YS, Kim EK, Shin SH, Song IG, Shin SH

PURPOSE: This study was aimed to investigate the effect of early phosphorus intake on respiratory distress in extremely low-birth-weight infants (ELBWIs) with a high incidence of hypophosphatemia. METHODS: We performed a...
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Anesthetic management in corticobasal degeneration with central sleep apnea: A case report

Shionoya Y, Nakamura K, Sunada K

Corticobasal degeneration (CBD) is a rare neurodegenerative disease characterized by dystonia, cognitive deficits, and an asymmetric akinetic-rigid syndrome. Little information is available regarding anesthetic management for CBD patients. Our patient...
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Clinical Utility of Quantitative CT Analysis for Fissure Completeness in Bronchoscopic Lung Volume Reduction: Comparison between CT and Chartisâ„¢

Lee SW, Shin SY, Park TS, Choi YY, Park JC, Park J, Oh SY, Kim N, Lee SH, Lee JS, Seo JB, Oh YM, Lee SD, Lee SM

OBJECTIVE: The absence of collateral ventilation (CV) is crucial for effective bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR) with an endobronchial valve. Here, we assessed whether CT can predict the Chartisâ„¢ results. MATERIALS...
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Surgical outcomes of sternal rigid plate fixation from 2005 to 2016 using the American College of Surgeons-National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database

Tran BN, Chen AD, Granoff MD, Johnson AR, Kamali P, Singhal D, Lee BT, Fukudome E

BACKGROUND: Sternal rigid plate fixation (RPF) has been adopted in recent years in high-risk cases to reduce complications associated with steel wire cerclage, the traditional approach to sternal closure. While...
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The change of stroke volume variation during thoracotomy or one lung ventilation

Lim H, Kim DC, Kim MJ, Yoo S, Ki MJ, Kang S, Kim D

BACKGROUND: Stroke volume variation (SVV) is based on cyclic changes of intrathoracic pressure during respiratory cycle. Thoracotomy and one-lung ventilation (OLV) can lead to changes in airway and intrathoracic pressure....
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Extended Use of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Retrospective Multicenter Study

Kim WY, Park S, Kim HJ, Baek MS, Chung CR, Park SH, Kang BJ, Oh JY, Cho WH, Sim YS, Cho YJ, Park S, Kim JH, Hong SB

BACKGROUND: Beyond its current function as a rescue therapy in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) may be applied in ARDS patients with less severe hypoxemia to...
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Current Status of Noninvasive Ventilation Use in Korean Intensive Care Units: A Prospective Multicenter Observational Study

Nam H, Cho JH, Choi EY, Chang Y, Choi WI, Hwang JJ, Moon JY, Lee K, Kim SW, Kang HK, Sim YS, Park TS, Park SY, Park S, on behalf of Korean NIV Study Group

BACKGROUND: Data on noninvasive ventilation (NIV) use in intensive care units (ICUs) are very limited in South Korea. METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed in 20 ICUs of university-affiliated hospitals...
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Feasibility and Functional Evaluation of Noninvasive Ventilation Capable Equipment from the Delivery Room to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: A Bench Study

Cho HJ, Kim EJ, Son DW, Jeon IS, Lee JS

OBJECTIVE: The use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) for newborns requiring respiratory support in delivery room (DR) is recommended. However, the details related to such use are not well established. A...
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Anesthetic Experience of Unexpected Change to One-Lung Ventilation with Bronchial Blocker

Na HW, Lee MS, Cho AN, Chung YH, Lee JH, Cho SH, Koo BS

One-lung ventilation is an anesthesiological technique to accomplish surgical visualization during thoracic surgical procedures, and is often required unexpectedly during surgery. Traditionally the double lumen tube is considered the gold...
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Lethal Cardiac Complications in a Long-Term Survivor of Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type 1

Cho MJ

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a rare neuromuscular disease characterized by degeneration of the anterior horn cells of the spinal cord and motor nuclei in the lower brainstem, resulting in...
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Correlations between anatomical variations of the nasal cavity and ethmoidal sinuses on cone-beam computed tomography scans

Shokri A, Faradmal M, Hekmat B

PURPOSE: Anatomical variations of the external nasal wall are highly important, since they play a role in obstruction or drainage of the ostiomeatal complex and ventilation and can consequently elevate...
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