J Korean Acad Nurs.  2006 Feb;36(1):159-168.

The Effects of Self-Selected Music on Anxiety and Pain during Burn Dressing Changes

  • 1Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu. jtson@cu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Nursing, Catholic Medical Center, Daegu Metropolitan City.


PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of music therapy on state anxiety and pain among patients undergoing burn dressing changes. METHOD: A convenience sample of 32 adult burn patients who were eligible and provided consent were included in the study which was a quasi-experimental study of a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Fifteen patients in the control group received the routine burn dressing changes but 17 patients in the experimental group listened to self-selected music through headphones connected to a CD player during burn dressing changes for three days. All subjects of the music group chose the type of music that would relax them. Before and after burn dressing changes, subjects completed the State Anxiety Inventory and self-report of pain scores. RESULT: There was a significant reduction in state anxiety before and after burn dressing changes in those who received music therapy in contrast to those who did not receive music therapy. The music group reported lower pain scores before and after burn dressing changes than did the non-music group. CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that music therapy composed of self-selected music is a valuable intervention for the treatment of pain and anxiety in patients undergoing burn dressing changes.


Music therapy; Burn; Anxiety; Pain

MeSH Terms

Pain Measurement
Pain/etiology/*prevention & control
*Music Therapy
Middle Aged
Anxiety/*etiology/prevention & control
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