J Korean Acad Adult Nurs.  2003 Mar;15(1):67-77.

The Effects of Music Therapy in the Reduction of Anxiety and Discomfort on Patients Undergoing Gastrofibroscopy

  • 1Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Chonnam National University and Chonnam Research Institute of Nursing Science, Korea.


PUPPOSE: This study was to examine the effects of music therapy on the levels of anxiety and discomfort in patients undergoing gastrofibroscopy. METHOD: This study was equivalent control group pre-post test design. The subjects were 61 patients who visited H hospital internal medicine department for gastrofibroscopy ; 31 were randomly selected for the control group and the remaining 30, for the experimental group. RESULT: 1. The experimental group who used music therapy showed a significantly lower level of anxiety during gastrofibroscopy than the control group. 2. The experimental group revealed a lesser change in pulse rate between pre and post gastrofibroscopy than the control group. 3. There was a significant difference in the levels of subjective and objective discomfort during gastrofibroscopy between the two groups.
The results suggested that music therapy may help relieve anxiety and discomfort for patients undergoing gastrofibroscopy. These results showed that the use of music aided in the reduction of anxiety and discomfort during the unpleasant diagnostic procedure and, testing the effectiveness of music therapy deserves further study in other hospital settings.


Gastrofiberoscopy; Music therapy; Anxiety; Discomfort

MeSH Terms

Evaluation Studies as Topic
Heart Rate
Internal Medicine
Music Therapy*
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