Clin Nutr Res.  2019 Jan;8(1):1-16. 10.7762/cnr.2019.8.1.1.

A Vegetable and Fish Dietary Pattern Is Positively Associated with Skeletal Muscle Mass in Korean Men

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Engineering, Daegu University, Gyeongsan 38453, Korea. busy@daegu.ac.kr

Abstract

Isolating the effects of a single nutrient or food in relation to health outcomes including increased skeletal muscle mass is a challenging task because dietary constituents are highly correlated and synergistic. Hence, diet pattern analysis may be used to investigate the role of certain diets in health outcomes. The present study investigated the dietary patterns and their relationship to skeletal muscle mass in Korean adults. Data were extracted from the 2008-2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. To explore the dietary patterns of the study subjects, factor analysis was performed using data obtained from a 24-hour recall. The skeletal muscle index according to dietary pattern scores was then investigated to estimate the changes in skeletal muscle mass. Three patterns were initially identified from the factor analysis. Of these vegetables and fish (VF) pattern was the primary factor with high reliability and was a common factor in sex-separated analyses. The VF pattern scores were positively associated with increased skeletal muscle mass in both men and women. Further analysis according to quartile levels of VF pattern scores showed a positive association between skeletal muscle mass and VF pattern in men but not in women. These results suggest that dietary patterns focused on vegetables and seafoods may contribute to increased skeletal muscle mass in Korean men but that sex difference should be considered in nutrition care for skeletal muscle health.

Keyword

Dietary habits; Skeletal muscle; Factor analysis; Vegetables; Fishes

MeSH Terms

Adult
Diet
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Female
Fishes
Food Habits
Humans
Korea
Male
Muscle, Skeletal*
Seafood
Sex Characteristics
Vegetables*
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