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The prevalence and distribution of the variants of Gantzer’s muscle: a meta-analysis of cadaveric studies

Asghar A, Jha RK, Patra A, Chaudhary B, Singh B

The Gantzer’s muscle is often present in the flexor compartment of the forearm. It lies underneath flexor digitorum superficialis and compresses the anterior interosseous nerve. Furthermore, this muscle frequently bestows...
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Assessment of Muscle Quantity, Quality and Function

Koo BK

Sarcopenia is a syndrome characterized by loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength that can increase the risk of physical disability, chronic conditions such as diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases,...
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Glycolytic and oxidative muscles under acute glucose supplementation differ in their metabolic responses to fatty acyl-CoA synthetase gene suppression

Jung YH, Bu SY

Purpose: Skeletal muscles display significant heterogeneity in metabolic responses, owing to the composition of metabolically distinct fiber types. Recently, numerous studies have reported that in skeletal muscles, suppression of genes...
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Impact of Skeletal Muscle Loss and Visceral Obesity Measured Using Serial CT on the Prognosis of Operable Breast Cancers in Asian Patients

Kwon Mr, Ko ES, Park MS, Jeong WK, Hwang NY, Kim JH, Lee JE, Kim SW, Yu JH, Han BK, Ko EY, Choi JS, Park KW

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the impact of baseline values and temporal changes in body composition parameters, including skeletal muscle index (SMI) and visceral adipose tissue area (VAT), measured...
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Dietary zinc supplementation in highfat diet-induced obese mice: Effects on the skeletal muscle ZIP7 expression and blood glucose regulation

Zhu Q, Chung J

Purpose: The zinc transporter ZIP7 is known to regulate glucose metabolism in skeletal muscles, and skeletal muscles are known to play a critical role in glycemic control. The present study...
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Exercise Training Attenuates Ovariectomy-Induced Alterations in Skeletal Muscle Remodeling, Apoptotic Signaling, and Atrophy Signaling in Rat Skeletal Muscle

Cho EJ, Choi Y, Kim J, Bae JH, Cho J, Park DH, Kang JH, Yoon JH, Park E, Seo DY, Lee S, Kwak HB

Purpose: The effects of aerobic exercise training on soleus muscle morphology, mitochondria-mediated apoptotic signaling, and atrophy/hypertrophy signaling in ovariectomized rat skeletal muscle were investigated. Methods: Female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into...
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Effects of exercise on AKT/PGC1-α/FOXO3a pathway and muscle atrophy in cisplatin-administered rat skeletal muscle

Bae JH, Seo DY, Lee SH, Shin C, Jamrasi P, Han J, Song W

Cisplatin has been reported to cause side effects such as muscle wasting in humans and rodents. The physiological mechanisms involved in preventing muscle wasting, such as the regulation of AKT,...
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Quantification of the Elastic Property of Normal Thigh Muscles Using MR Elastography: Our Initial Experience

Kim J, Ryu JA, Lee J

Purpose This study aimed to apply MR elastography (MRE) to achieve in vivo evaluation of the elastic properties of thigh muscles and validate the feasibility of quantifying the elasticity of...
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Exercise/Resistance Training and Muscle Stem Cells

Fukada Si, Nakamura A

Skeletal muscle has attracted attention as endocrine organ, because exercise-dependent cytokines called myokines/exerkines are released from skeletal muscle and are involved in systemic functions. While, local mechanical loading to skeletal...
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Effects of intragastric balloon on obesity in obese Korean women for 6 months post removal

Pak HJ, Choi HN, Lee HC, Yim JE

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of morbid obesity in Korean women has consistently been increasing, while the overall prevalence rate of obesity in Korean women seems to be stable. In addition to...
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Relationship between Skeletal Muscle Mass, Bone Mineral Density, and Trabecular Bone Score in Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures

Tokeshi S, Eguchi Y, Suzuki M, Yamanaka H, Tamai H, Orita S, Inage K, Shiga Y, Hagiwara S, Nakamura J, Akazawa T, Takahashi H, Ohtori S

Study Design A retrospective observational study was performed. Purpose We investigated the relationships between skeletal muscle mass, bone mineral density (BMD), and trabecular bone score (TBS) in patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures...
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Comparison of skeletal muscle index-based formula and body surface area-based formula for calculating standard liver volume

Yang G, Hwang S, Song GW, Jung DH

Backgrounds/Aims: Formula-derived standard liver volume (SLV) has been clinically used for living donor liver transplantation and hepatic resection. The majority of currently available SLV formulae are based on body surface...
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Association between dietary branchedchain amino acid intake and skeletal muscle mass index among Korean adults: Interaction with obesity

Chae M, Park HS, Park K

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The branched-chain amino acids (BCAA), including isoleucine, leucine, and valine, promote muscle protein synthesis. However, obesity may interfere with protein synthesis by dysregulating mitochondrial function in the muscles. This study...
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Impact of appendicular and trunk skeletal muscle mass and back extensor strength on sagittal spinal alignment in Japanese women without vertebral fracture

Kudo D, Miyakoshi N, Hongo M, Kasukawa Y, Ishikawa Y, Mizutani T, Mizutani Y, Shimada Y

Objectives: Progressive and generalized loss of skeletal muscle mass (SMM) and strength are characteristics of sarcopenia. However, the impact of appendicular and trunk SMM and back extensor strength (BES) on...
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Tail suspension is useful as a sarcopenia model in rats

Nemoto A, Goyagi T

Background Sarcopenia promotes skeletal muscle atrophy and exhibits a high mortality rate. Its elucidation is of the highest clinical importance, but an animal experimental model remains controversial. In this study, we...
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Mechanical Properties of Single Muscle Fibers: Understanding Poor Muscle Quality in Older Adults with Diabetes

Lee EJ, Jang HC, Koo KH, Kim HY, Lim JY

Background: While aging causes muscle weakness, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is also considered a high-risk factor for the induction of skeletal muscle weakness. Previous studies have reported increased collagen...
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Sarcopenia and Muscle Aging: A Brief Overview

Dao T, Green AE, Kim YA, Bae SJ, Ha KT, Gariani K, Lee Mr, Menzies KJ, Ryu D

The world is facing the new challenges of an aging population, and understanding the process of aging has therefore become one of the most important global concerns. Sarcopenia is a...
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Early high-fat feeding improves histone modifications of skeletal muscle at middle-age in mice

Yoshie T, Saito C, Kawano F

The purpose of the present study was to investigate how the effects of high-fat diet feeding on the skeletal muscle persisted during aging using mice. Post-weaned male mice were fed...
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Sarcopenia in women with hip fracture: A comparison of hormonal biomarkers and their relationship to skeletal muscle mass and function

Yee ML, Hau R, Taylor A, Guerra M, Guerra P, Darzins P, Gilfillan C

Objectives: Sarcopenia is a decline in skeletal muscle mass and function. It is associated with adverse outcomes and increased mortality. Sarcopenia is also reported to be prevalent in the hip...
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The lumbar multifidus is characterised by larger type I muscle fibres compared to the erector spinae

Agten A, Stevens S, Verbrugghe J, Eijnde BO, Timmermans A, Vandenabeele F

The metabolic capacity of a muscle is one of the determinants of muscle function. Muscle fiber type characteristics give an indication about this metabolic capacity. Therefore it might be expected...
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