J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.  2019 Jan;30(1):26-33. 10.5765/jkacap.180019.

Factors on the Pathway from Trauma to Suicidal Ideation in Adolescents

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neuropsychiatry, Eulji University School of Medicine, Eulji University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea. cksinj@eulji.ac.kr
  • 2Daedeok-gu Mental Health Center, Daejeon, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
Suicide is the most frequent cause of death among Korean adolescents, and adolescents who have experienced trauma have an increased risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, depression, and suicide attempts. However, resilience and self-esteem are protective factors. We examined the effects of resilience and self-esteem on the relationship among traumatic experiences, PTSD symptoms, depression, and suicidal ideation.
METHODS
Middle-school students (n=403) completed questionnaires assessing traumatic experiences, PTSD symptoms, depression, suicidal ideation, resilience, and self-esteem. Path analysis was performed to investigate the mediating effects of PTSD symptoms, resilience, self-esteem, and depression on the relationship between trauma exposure and suicidal ideation.
RESULTS
Traumatic experience was positively correlated with PTSD symptoms, depression, and suicidal ideation. PTSD symptoms and depression were positively correlated with suicidal ideation. The relationship between traumatic experiences and suicidal ideation was mediated by PTSD symptoms, which had both direct and indirect effects on suicidal ideation; the indirect effect was mediated by resilience, self-esteem, and depression.
CONCLUSION
Korean adolescents who had experienced trauma were more likely to develop PTSD symptoms, increasing their risk of depression and suicidal ideation. However, self-esteem and resilience may help protect against depression and suicidal ideation. Our findings could inform suicide prevention initiatives.

Keyword

Traumatic stress; Post-traumatic stress disorder; Depression; Suicidal ideation; Resilience; Self-esteem; Adolescents

MeSH Terms

Adolescent*
Cause of Death
Depression
Humans
Negotiating
Protective Factors
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Suicidal Ideation*
Suicide
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