Korean J Women Health Nurs.  2020 Sep;26(3):213-221. 10.4069/kjwhn.2020.06.15.

Factors influencing suicidal ideation among female late adolescents from a Korean rural province

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Kongju National University, Jeonju, Korea
  • 2Department of Nursing, Kongju National University, Kongju, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
This study aimed to examine factors affecting suicidal ideation among female late adolescents from a Korean rural province.
Methods
A descriptive cross-sectional design involving self-reported questionnaires was used. The data were collected from 18- to 22-year-old female adolescents at high schools, universities, churches, and local community centers. The sample consisted of 197 female adolescents from three rural areas in Korea. The Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale and the Suicidal Ideation Scale were used to measure depression and suicidal ideation, respectively.
Results
Suicidal ideation was correlated with having a specific suicide plan (r=.65, p<.001), depression (r=.39, p<.001), and subjective well-being (r=–.46, p<.001). Factors affecting suicidal ideation among rural female adolescents were having a specific suicide plan (β=.56, p<.001), subjective well-being (β=–.23, p=.001), and suicide of a close person (β=.12, p=.035). These factors explained 48.0% of the variance in suicidal ideation (F=37.62, p<.001).
Conclusion
This study demonstrated that affective factors and personal experiences regarding suicide were critical indicators for preventing suicidal ideation among female adolescents. These factors should be managed among female adolescents, and tailored nursing interventions should be offered to enhance their psychiatric health status.

Keyword

Adolescent; Depression; Female; Suicide; Violence; 청소년; 우울; 여성; 자살; 폭력
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