J Korean Ophthalmol Soc.  2018 Nov;59(11):1049-1055. 10.3341/jkos.2018.59.11.1049.

Comparison of Anterior Segment Features between Groups with or without Glaucoma in Pseudoexfoliation Syndrome

  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Veterans Health Service Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. drskchoi@hanmail.net


To investigate the factors associated with glaucoma in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome by comparing features of the anterior segments and ocular biometry according to the presence or absence of open-angle glaucoma in pseudoexfoliation syndrome.
We analyzed 96 patients (115 eyes) diagnosed as having pseudoexfoliation syndrome in this study. The patients were divided into two groups of simple pseudoexfoliation syndrome (64 patients, 76 eyes) and pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (32 patients, 39 eyes). We compared the age, sex, underlying disease, location of pseudoexfoliative material, iris change, degree of nuclear cataract, pupil dilatation, corneal endothelial cell counts, central corneal thickness, anterior chamber depth, axial length, corneal curvature, and intraocular pressure (IOP).
There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of age (p = 0.694), sex (p = 0.161), diabetes (p = 0.440), hypertension (p = 0.238), pseudoexfoliative material observed in anterior capsule (p = 0.700), pupillary margin (p = 0.210), iris depigmentation (p = 0.526), pupillary ruff loss (p = 0.708), degree of nuclear cataract (p = 0.617), pupil dilatation (p = 0.526), central corneal thickness (p = 0.097), anterior chamber depth (p = 0.283), axial length (p = 0.095), or horizontal and vertical corneal curvature (p = 0.066 and 0.306, respectively). In pseudoexfoliation glaucoma, significantly higher IOP (p = 0.026), a high frequency of membrane formation (p = 0.047), and decreased corneal endothelial cell counts (p = 0.048) were observed.
Pseudoexfoliation syndrome with open-angle glaucoma was shown to be associated with high IOP, decreased corneal endothelial cell counts, and a high frequency of membrane formation. Therefore, when such changes are observed in pseudoexfoliation syndrome patients, a higher risk of open-angle glaucoma should be recognized, and careful attentionis required accordingly.


Corneal endothelial cell counts; Glaucoma; Intraocular pressure (IOP); Pseudoexfoliation syndrome; Pupil

MeSH Terms

Anterior Chamber
Endothelial Cells
Exfoliation Syndrome*
Glaucoma, Open-Angle
Intraocular Pressure


  • Figure 1 Features of pupil margin without mydriasis with pseudoexfoliation syndrome. Iris sphincter depigmentation (A), membrane formation (B), pupillary ruff loss (C) are shown (arrow).


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