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Diurnal variation in quantitative pupillary reactivity in large hemispheric stroke

Kim TJ, Lee JS, Park SH, Ko SB

Background: Pupillary light reflex (PLR) assessment is an important neurological examination reflecting neurological deterioration in severe stroke cases. This study investigated the impact of diurnal variation in the PLR using...
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Repeatability and Agreement of Chord Mu between Scheimpflug Tomography and Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography

Kim NH, Kim HJ, Cho SC, Han KE

Purpose: To evaluate repeatability and agreement of chord mu between Scheimpflug tomography (Pentacam HR) and sweptsource optical coherence tomography–based optical biometer (IOLMaster 700). Methods: In this retrospective study, 63 eyes from...
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Comparison of admission GCS score to admission GCS-P and FOUR scores for prediction of outcomes among patients with traumatic brain injury in the intensive care unit in India

Agrawal N, Iyer SS, Patil V, Kulkarni S, Shah JN, Jedge P

Background: This study aimed to determine the predictive power of the Full Outline of Unresponsiveness (FOUR) score and the Glasgow Coma Scale Pupil (GCS-P) score in determining outcomes for traumatic...
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Assessment of the changes in cardiac sympathetic nervous activity using the pupil size changes measured in seated patients whose stellate ganglion is blocked by interscalene brachial plexus block

Kim E, Lim JA, Choi CH, Lee SY, Kwak S, Kim J

Background: As a side effect of interscalene brachial plexus block (ISBPB), stellate ganglion block (SGB) causes reductions in pupil size (Horner’s syndrome) and cardiac sympathetic nervous activity (CSNA). Reduced CSNA...
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Quantitative assessments of pupillary light reflexes in neurocritically ill patients

Kim TJ

The pupillary light reflex (PLR) is a component of bedside neurological examinations in neurological intensive care units (neuroICUs). A quantitative pupillometer provides a non-invasive and objective pupil reactivity parameter clinically...
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Fixed and dilated pupils by pupillometer in lateralized periodic discharges: a case report in the neurocritical care unit

Primiani CT, Husari KS, Mathur R, Geocadin RG

Background: Fixed and dilated pupils (FDPs) have become synonymous with devastating neurological damage and brainstem injury commonly associated with mass effect and herniation. Infrequently, changes in pupillary light response have...
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Clinical Reliability of IOL Master 700 in Measurement of Pupil Diameter and Corneal Curvature

Ryu HK, Shin SY

Purpose: To compare IOL Master 700 with autokeratometer and video pupillometer in measurement of pupil diameter and corneal curvature. Methods: Pupil diameter were measured with IOL Master 700 and video pupilometer,...
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Contribution of pupillary light reflex assessment to Glasgow Coma Scale for prognostication in patients with traumatic brain injury

Butt AA, Atem FD, Stutzman SE, Aiyagari V, Venkatachalam AM, Olson DM, Yokobori S

Background: Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and the pupillary light reflex (PLR) are important prognostic tools for traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study compared the predictability of GCS, GCS plus manual...
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Improvement in Near Vision Following Silodosin Treatment in Patients With Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms

Shin HJ, Choi WS, Lee SH, Lee AG, Kim A, Park HK, Paick SH, Kim HG

Purpose: The objective of this study was to investigate the change in near visual function after the administration of oral silodosin to patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Methods: This...
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Clinical Features and Course of Acquired Third Cranial Nerve Palsy

Lee JH, Lee EC, Oh SY

Purpose: The purpose of our study was to investigate the clinical features and course of acquired third cranial nerve (CN3) palsy. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 40 consecutive...
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Long-Term Substance Use Can Cause Irreversible Photopic Vision Changes in Substance Use Disorder in Remission

Egilmez OB, Orum MH, Kustepe A, Karadag AS, Kalenderoglu A

Objective Substance use has such effects on pupil diameter. Although there is knowledge about the acute effects of substances on pupils, studies showing their chronic effects are limited. The aim...
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Intranasal Oxytocin Increases Perceptual Salienceof Faces in the Absence of Awareness

Xue SW, Wu HB, Zhang L, Zhang DX

Objective The neuropeptide oxytocin has been found to improve human social cognition and promote prosocial behavior. However, it is still unclear about the mechanisms underlying these effects of oxytocin on neural...
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Urrets-Zavalia Syndrome Following Trabeculectomy

Park GS, Won YK, Kim KN, Lee YH, Kim CS

PURPOSE: We report a case of Urrets-Zavalia syndrome with a fixed dilated pupil after an uneventful trabeculectomy. CASE SUMMARY: Trabeculectomy was performed on a 51-year-old male who had a history of...
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An Unusual Case of Benign Episodic Bilateral Mydriasis

Ahn YR, Kim HU, Kim Y, Choi YJ

PURPOSE: Although benign episodic mydriasis has been rarely reported worldwide, most of the reports so far have occurred in unilaterally. To report an unusual case of benign episodic bilateral mydriasis. CASE...
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Spontaneous Repetitive Constriction and Dilatation of a Unilateral Pupil in a Brain Death Patient

Chun MY, Park J, Lee SY, Lee CY, Lee SA, Lee EH, Lee SH, Chang Y, Park KD, Song TJ

In brain death state, bilateral pupil light reflexes are disappeared, and pupils are fixed with dilated. However, spontaneous movements such as ocular microtremor or bilateral cyclical constriction-dilatation of pupils have...
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Clinical Outcomes of One Day Small-incision Lenticule Extraction Compared with Scheduled Methods for Myopic Patients

Kim WK, Ryu IH, Kim JS, Jeon GH, Lee IS, Kim HS, Kim JK

PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of one day small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE), which was performed on the same day as preoperative examinations in myopic patients. METHODS: This study included...
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Analysis of Positional Relationships of Various Centers in Cataract Surgery

Song WK, Lee JA, Kim JY, Kim MJ, Tchah H

PURPOSE: To analyze the positional relationships of various centers in patients undergoing femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS). METHODS: The locations of the pupil center (PC), limbal center (LC) and lens center...
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Objective Verification of Physiologic Changes during Accommodation under Binocular, Monocular, and Pinhole Conditions

Park H, Park IK, Shin JH, Chun YS

BACKGROUND: To objectively investigate accommodative response to various refractive stimuli in subjects with normal accommodation. METHODS: This prospective, non-randomized clinical trial included 64 eyes of 32 subjects with a mean spherical...
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Intracameral Epinephrine Injection after Phacoemulsification on Pupil Dilation during Phacovitrectomy for Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy

Kim S, Park J, Shin J, Lee S

PURPOSE: We explored the mydriatic effects of injected intracameral epinephrine after phacoemulsification (PE) combined with phacovitrectomy to treat proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). METHODS: We enrolled 96 patients (96 eyes) who underwent...
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Comparison of Anterior Segment Features between Groups with or without Glaucoma in Pseudoexfoliation Syndrome

Gu BH, Choi S

PURPOSE: To investigate the factors associated with glaucoma in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome by comparing features of the anterior segments and ocular biometry according to the presence or absence of...
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