J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs.  2018 Sep;27(3):216-226. 10.12934/jkpmhn.2018.27.3.216.

Adaptation Process in the Workplace in Korean Adults with Alcohol Use Disorder

Affiliations
  • 1Adjunct Professor, Department of Nursing, Chunnam Techno University, Gokseong, Korea.
  • 2Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Dongshin University, Naju, Korea. callm68@hanmail.net

Abstract

PURPOSE
This purpose of study was to describe the adaptation process in the workplace in Korean adults with alcohol use disorder.
METHODS
Twelve participants were recruited at hospital outpatients, Alcoholic Anonymous, and addiction treatment centers from October 2016 to January 2017. Inclusion criteria were Korean adults aged 18 and older who were diagnosed with alcohol use disorder and had a job for at least one year. Data were analyzed using Strauss and Corbin's grounded theory method.
RESULTS
From open coding, 74 final concepts, 18 sub-categories, and 10 categories were identified. Results showed that the central phenomenon was "˜struggling to stand confidently'. The core categories were "˜withstanding life by embracing reality as an addict', and the adaptation process appeared "˜selection stage', "˜determination stage', and "˜management stage'. The adaptation process of Korean adults with alcohol use disorder in the workplace was compared to "˜pearl in oyster', which can be a process of breaking through pain.
CONCLUSION
Our study findings provide an in-depth understanding of the experiences of an alcoholic's job life. Mental health nurses need to be actively involved in developing vocational rehabilitation programs for addicts.

Keyword

Social adjustment; Alcoholics; Occupations; Grounded theory

MeSH Terms

Adult*
Alcoholics
Anonyms and Pseudonyms
Clinical Coding
Grounded Theory
Humans
Mental Health
Methods
Occupations
Outpatients
Rehabilitation, Vocational
Social Adjustment
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