J Vet Sci.  2016 Sep;17(3):361-368. 10.4142/jvs.2016.17.3.361.

Seroprevalence and associated risk factors of pseudorabies in Shandong province of China

Affiliations
  • 1College of Animal Science and Technology, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an 271018, China. liusid@sdau.edu.cn

Abstract

A cross-sectional serological study was conducted in Shandong province of China to determine the seroprevalence and risk factors associated with seropositivity due to pseudorabies virus (PRV) infection in small- and medium-sized farrow-to-finish herds following outbreaks of variant PRV strains. A total of 6,035 blood samples from 224 randomly selected herds were screened. The results showed that 25.0% of the herds and 56.7% of the serum samples were seropositive for field strains of PRV. Herds consisting of 50-100 breeding sows had higher herd seroprevalence and serum sample seroprevalence than larger herds. Both the highest herd seroprevalence and highest serum sample seroprevalence were observed in western Shandong, followed northern Shandong. Based on univariate analysis, the following risk factors were utilized in subsequent multivariable logistic regression analysis: region, herd size, weight of purchased gilts, and all-in/all-out practice. Upon multivariate analysis, region, herd size, weight of purchased gilts and all-in/all-out practice were significantly associated with PRV herd seropositivity. These findings indicate that we are facing a serious situation in the prevention and control of pseudorabies. The results could help predict the next outbreak and set out control measures.

Keyword

Aujeszky's disease; pseudorabies; risk factor; seropositivity; seroprevalence
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