Korean J Pediatr.  2017 Dec;60(12):408-412. 10.3345/kjp.2017.60.12.408.

The First Korean case of combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency-17 diagnosed by clinical and molecular investigation

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Pusan National University Children's Hospital, Yangsan, Korea.
  • 2Research Institute for Convergence of Biomedical Science and Technology, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan, Korea. chongkun@pusan.ac.kr

Abstract

Combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency-17 (COXPD-17) is very rare and is caused by homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in the ELAC2 gene on chromosome 17p12. The ELAC2 gene functions as a mitochondrial tRNA processing gene, and only 4 different pathogenic mutations have been reported in ELAC2-associated mitochondrial dysfunction involving oxidative phosphorylation. Affected patients show various clinical symptoms and prognosis, depending on the genotype. We report a novel mutation in the ELAC2 gene (c.95C>G [p.Pro32Arg], het), in an infant with COXPD-17 who presented with encephalopathy including central apnea and intractable epilepsy, and growth and developmental retardation. During hospitalization, consistently elevated serum lactic acid levels were noted, indicative of mitochondrial dysfunction. The patient suddenly died of shock of unknown cause at 5 months of age. This is the first case report of COXPD-17 in Korea and was diagnosed based on clinical characteristics and genetic analysis.

Keyword

ELAC2; Oxidative phosphorylation; Encephalopathy; Hyperlactatemia

MeSH Terms

Brain Diseases
Drug Resistant Epilepsy
Genotype
Growth and Development
Hospitalization
Humans
Hyperlactatemia
Infant
Korea
Lactic Acid
Oxidative Phosphorylation*
Prognosis
RNA, Transfer
Shock
Sleep Apnea, Central
Lactic Acid
RNA, Transfer
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