Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg.  2017 Sep;39(9):27. 10.1186/s40902-017-0126-0.

Hypoglossal nerve stimulation for treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA): a primer for oral and maxillofacial surgeons

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dentistry (Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery), Catholic Kwandong University School of Medicine, International St. Mary's Hospital, Incheon, South Korea.
  • 2Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA USA. kwony@khu.ac.kr, yongdae.kwon@gmail.com
  • 3Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
  • 4Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kyung Hee University Dental Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
  • 5Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Center for Refractory Jawbone Diseases, School of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
  • 6Department of Otolaryngology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA USA. ycliu@stanford.edu

Abstract

The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is estimated to be 1-5% of the adult population world-wide, and in Korea, it is reported at 4.5% of men and 3.2% of women (Age 40 to 69 years old). Active treatment of OSA is associated with decrease in insulin resistance, cardiovascular disease, psychosocial problems, and mortality. Surgical treatment of OSA has evolved in the era of neuromodulation with the advent of hypoglossal nerve stimulation (HGNS). We share this review of HGNS with our maxillofacial surgical colleagues to expand the scope of surgical care for OSA.

Keyword

Hypoglossal nerve; Upper airway stimulation; Obstructive sleep apnea; Snoring; Sleep endoscopy; OSA surgical treatment; Oral and maxillofacial surgeon

MeSH Terms

Adult
Cardiovascular Diseases
Female
Humans
Hypoglossal Nerve*
Insulin Resistance
Korea
Male
Mortality
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons*
Prevalence
Sleep Apnea, Obstructive*
Snoring
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