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Updates of Diagnosis and Treatment of Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders-Focusing on Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Lee YJ

This paper reviews the updated findings, including the current clinical guidelines and recent research trends, on the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a common sleep disorder...
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Effective Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Changes Related to Sleep Stage and Body Position in Obstructive Sleep Apnea during Upward and Downward Titration: An Experimental Study

Lee EM, Lee TH, Park OL, Nam JG

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine how the sleep stage and body position influence the effective pressure (Peff) in standard upward titration and experimental downward...
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Comparison of the Postoperative Outcome for Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea According to the Type of the Tonsillectomy

Cho KR, Sohn JH

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Partial intracapsular tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (PITA) has become a well-recognized technique for tonsillectomy in children. Several studies have reported that PITA shows better postoperative morbidity compared to...
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Pediatric sleep questionnaires for screening of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome

Kang EK

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is the most severe form of obstructive sleep-disordered breathing. It can produce cardiovascular problems, growth retardation, cognitive deficits, and behavioral problems such as attention deficit/hyperactivity...
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Maxillomandibular advancement surgery after long-term use of a mandibular advancement device in a post-adolescent patient with obstructive sleep apnea

Lee KH, Kim KA, Kwon YD, Kim SW, Kim SJ

Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) whose phenotype belongs to a craniofacial vulnerability are referred from sleep doctors to orthodontists. In adults, for osseo-pharyngeal reconstruction (OPR) treatment, permanent maxillomandibular advancement...
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A Case of Rapid Eye Movement Sleep-Related Bradyarrhythmia Syndrome with Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome

Lee DH, Kim TH, Heo K

A close relationship has emerged between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and cardiac arrhythmia. However, transient sinus arrest or atrioventricular (AV) conduction disturbance during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep was rarely...
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Usefulness of the Berlin, STOP, and STOP-Bang Questionnaires in the Diagnosis of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Yang H, Park H

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a chronic sleep-related breathing disorder that requires long-term management. If OSA remains untreated, it can result in serious health consequences, including increased risk of both...
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Effect of Nocturnal Hypoxia on Nocturia in Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Chung JH, Moon HS, Park SY, Kim KR, Cho SH, Kim YT

PURPOSE: To identify the association between nocturia and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), we compared results of polysomnography (PSG) with the presence or absence of nocturia in patients with suspected OSA. METHODS:...
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Factors Related to Sleep Time Underestimation in Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Retrospective Study Based on Polysomnographic Data

Hwang KJ, Lee JS, Son HJ, Kim KH, Lee MJ, Kim J

BACKGROUND: The perception of sleep time in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is not well understood, some studies have reported that subjects with OSA have abnormal sleep perception. We hypothesized that...
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Analysis of Obstruction Site in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients Based on Videofluoroscopy

Choi HR, Han K, Lee J, Hong SC, Kim JK, Cho JH

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Upper airway obstruction can occur at the soft palate, tongue base, or epiglottis among obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients. Detection of these obstruction sites is very important...
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Does Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Aggravate Obstructive Sleep Apnea?

Kim SH, Yang CJ, Baek JT, Hyun SM, Kim CS, Lee SA, Chung YS

OBJECTIVES.: To investigate the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) according to the sleep stage in more detail after control of posture. METHODS.: Patients who underwent nocturnal polysomnography between December 2007 and July 2018...
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Metabolic Consequences of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Especially Pertaining to Diabetes Mellitus and Insulin Sensitivity

Song SO, He K, Narla RR, Kang HG, Ryu HU, Boyko EJ

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and diabetes has been known to be closely related to each other and both diseases impact highly on the public health. There are many evidence of...
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Carotid Arterial Calcium Scoring Using Upper Airway Computed Tomography in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Efficacy as a Clinical Predictor of Cerebrocardiovascular Disease

Lee JH, Kang EJ, Bae WY, Kim JK, Choi JH, Kim CH, Kim SJ, Jo KS, Kim MS, Koh TK

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of airway computed tomography (CT) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) as a predictor of cerebrocardiovascular disease (CCVD) clinically, by quantitatively analyzing carotid arterial...
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Therapeutic Outcome of Primary Snoring and Mild Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Clinical Suggestion for Treatment Approaches

Song S, Song Y, Park HG, Kim J, Cho SD, Ji JY, Kim YS, Kim HJ

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The clinical significance and need for the treatment of primary snoring and mild obstructive sleep apnea have been recently questioned. In this study, we analyzed therapeutic outcome...
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Prediction of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Based on Respiratory Sounds Recorded Between Sleep Onset and Sleep Offset

Kim JW, Kim T, Shin J, Choe G, Lim HJ, Rhee CS, Lee K, Cho SW

OBJECTIVES: To develop a simple algorithm for prescreening of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on the basis of respiratorysounds recorded during polysomnography during all sleep stages between sleep onset and offset. METHODS:...
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Auditory Deficits in Patients With Mild and Moderate Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome: A Speech Syllable Evoked Auditory Brainstem Response Study

Fu Q, Wang T, Liang Y, Lin Y, Zhao X, Wan J, Fan S

OBJECTIVES: The energy consumption process of cochlea and neural signal transduction along the auditory pathway are highly dependent on blood oxygen supply. At present, it is under debate on whether...
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Improvement of Atypical Nocturnal Vocalization Accompanied with Obstructive Sleep Apnea after Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Treatment

Kim YS, Oh JH

Catathrenia is a rare chronic disorder characterized by expiratory groaning during sleep. Neither the origin of this sound nor the pathophysiology underpinning catathrenia is understood. Although the International Classification of...
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Effect of Obstructive Sleep Apnea on the Functional Outcome of Acute Ischemic Stroke

Han SH, Park KY, Kim YS, Kim JM, Lee SY

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the prevalence and clinical characteristics of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in acute ischemic stroke patients and the effect of OSA on prognosis of acute ischemic stroke. METHODS:...
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Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Women

Ayub S, Won CH

Obstructive sleep apnea is known to be more prevalent in men. In women the prevalence varies throughout her life span as she goes through different stages; puberty, reproductive years, pregnancy...
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Long-Term Side Effects of Mandibular Advancement Devices in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Park KJ, Kim ST

To evaluate the side effects of long-term mandibular advancement device (MAD) treatment associated with dental and skeletal changes. The search for clinical trials, retrospective studies and systematic review used PubMed...
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