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Determinants of Circulating Soluble Leptin Receptor and Free Leptin Index in Indonesian Pre-Pubertal Obese Male Children: A Preliminary Cross-Sectional Study

Hendarto A, Nagrani DG, Meiliana A, Sastroasmoro S, Sjarif DR

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the clinical and metabolic determinants of circulating soluble leptin receptor (CSLR) and free leptin index (FLI) in pre-pubertal obese male children. METHODS: We conducted a...
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Combined Aerobic and Resistance Exercise Training Reduces Circulating Apolipoprotein J Levels and Improves Insulin Resistance in Postmenopausal Diabetic Women

Jeon YK, Kim SS, Kim JH, Kim HJ, Kim HJ, Park JJ, Cho YS, Joung SH, Kim JR, Kim BH, Song SH, Kim IJ, Kim YK, Kim YB

BACKGROUND: Circulating apolipoprotein J (ApoJ) is closely associated with insulin resistance; however, the effect of exercise on circulating ApoJ levels and the association of ApoJ with metabolic indices remain unknown....
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Efficacy and Safety of Pioglitazone versus Glimepiride after Metformin and Alogliptin Combination Therapy: A Randomized, Open-Label, Multicenter, Parallel-Controlled Study

Kim JM, Kim SS, Kim JH, Kim MK, Kim TN, Lee SH, Lee CW, Park JY, Kim ES, Lee KJ, Choi YS, Kim DK, Kim IJ

BACKGROUND: There is limited information regarding the optimal third-line therapy for managing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) that is inadequately controlled using dual combination therapy. This study assessed the efficacy...
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Association Between Serum Bilirubin and the Progression of Carotid Atherosclerosis in Type 2 Diabetes

Lee I, Lee HH, Cho Y, Choi YJ, Huh BW, Lee BW, Kang ES, Park SW, Cha BS, Lee EJ, Lee YH, Huh KB

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether serum bilirubin levels can predict the progression of carotid atherosclerosis in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: This observational study included 1,381 subjects with...
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Genetic Architecture of Circulating Very-Long-Chain (C24:0 and C22:0) Ceramide Concentrations

Cresci S, Zhang R, Yang Q, Duncan MS, Xanthakis , Jiang X, Vasan RS, Schaffer J, Peterson L

OBJECTIVE: Total ceramide concentrations are linked with increased insulin resistance and cardiac dysfunction. However, recent studies have demonstrated that plasma concentrations of specific very-long-chain fatty ceramides (C24:0 and C22:0) are...
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CD36 (SR-B2) as a Target to Treat Lipid Overload-Induced Cardiac Dysfunction

Glatz JF, Luiken JJ, Nabben M

The heart faces the challenge of adjusting the rate of fatty acid uptake to match myocardial demand for energy provision at any given moment, avoiding both too low uptake rates,...
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Ceramides: Nutrient Signals that Drive Hepatosteatosis

Summers SA

Ceramides are minor components of the hepatic lipidome that have major effects on liver function. These products of lipid and protein metabolism accumulate when the energy needs of the hepatocyte...
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Intelectin-1 and Endocrinological Parameters in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Effect of Insulin Resistance

Al-Fartosy AJM, Awad NA, Mohammed A

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the effect of insulin resistance (IR) on serum Intelectin-1 and endocrinological hormones levels in obese and non-obese women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)...
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Lipid accumulation product is a predictor of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in childhood obesity

Özcabı B, Demirhan S, Akyol M, Öztürkmen Akay H, Güven A

BACKGROUND: Lipid accumulation product (LAP) is associated with the presence and severity of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adults. PURPOSE: Here we evaluated the ability of LAP to predict NAFLD...
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Ketogenic Diet and Glucose Control

Lee YH

There is not a set percentage of calories from carbohydrate, protein, and fat for all people with diabetes. It is recommended that diet be individualized according to each patient's eating...
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Management of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Elderly Diabetes Mellitus Patients

Yu SH

Tight control of dyslipidemia and hypertension in elderly diabetic patients aged 65 years or older are considered to be very important for the secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease and control...
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Changes in Glucose Metabolism with Aging

Hong EG

The increasing risk of glucose intolerance and diabetes associated with aging is well established. However, it is difficult to determine whether changes in glucose metabolism result from biological aging itself...
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Early Assessment of the Risk for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: Can Fasting Parameters of Glucose Metabolism Contribute to Risk Prediction?

Falcone V, Kotzaeridi G, Breil MH, Rosicky I, Stopp T, Yerlikaya-Schatten G, Feichtinger M, Eppel W, Husslein P, Tura A, Göbl CS

BACKGROUND: An early identification of the risk groups might be beneficial in reducing morbidities in patients with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Therefore, this study aimed to assess the biochemical predictors...
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Correlation of Clinical and Histopathologic Parameters with Ultrasonographic Grades in Pediatric Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Kang BK, Kim M, Shin SJ, Kim YJ

BACKGROUND: Liver biopsy is the gold standard for diagnosing non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), but liver biopsy in children is not available in many institutes and many parents are reluctant to agree...
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Efficacy of evogliptin and cenicriviroc against nonalcoholic steatohepatitis in mice: a comparative study

Wang Z, Park H, Bae EJ

Dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 inhibitors, or gliptins, are a class of oral hypoglycemic drugs that have been widely used as a second-line treatment for type 2 diabetes. Gliptins, which were introduced...
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Long-term outcomes of progestin plus metformin as a fertility-sparing treatment for atypical endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial cancer patients

Mitsuhashi A, Habu Y, Kobayashi , Kawarai Y, Ishikawa H, Usui H, Shozu M

OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated long-term outcomes of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) plus metformin therapy in terms of control of atypical endometrial hyperplasia (AEH) and endometrial cancer (EC), and post-treatment conception. METHODS:...
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Effects of Resistant Starch Supplementation on Glucose Metabolism, Lipid Profile, Lipid Peroxidation Marker, and Oxidative Stress in Overweight and Obese Adults: Randomized, Double-Blind, Crossover Trial

Eshghi F, Bakhshimoghaddam F, Rasmi Y, Alizadeh M

Obesity is a substantial public health challenge across the globe. The use of resistant starch has been proposed as a probable management strategy for complications of obesity. We investigated the...
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Effects of Dapagliflozin on Endothelial Function, Renal Injury Markers, and Glycemic Control in Drug-Naïve Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Kong SH, Koo BK, Moon MK

BACKGROUND: The study aimed to evaluate the effects of dapagliflozin and metformin on vascular endothelial function and renal injury markers. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, open-label, crossover study included drug-naïve patients with...
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PF-04620110, a Potent Antidiabetic Agent, Suppresses Fatty Acid-Induced NLRP3 Inflammasome Activation in Macrophages

Jo SI, Bae JH, Kim SJ, Lee JM, Jeong JH, Moon JS

BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation has been linked to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). High-fat diet (HFD)-derived fatty acid is associated with the activation of chronic inflammation in T2DM....
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Cognitive dysfunctions in individuals with diabetes mellitus

Kim HG

Some patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) present with cognitive dysfunctions. The pathophysiology underlying this complication is not well understood. Type 1 DM has been associated...
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