J Korean Med Sci.  2015 Oct;30(10):1439-1445. 10.3346/jkms.2015.30.10.1439.

Clinico-pathological Analysis of the Lungs from Patients with Lung Transplantation in a Single Institute in Korea

  • 1Department of Pathology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. doohyun@snu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Thoracic Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Xenotransplantation Research Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 4Transplantation Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 5Department of Biomedical Sciences, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.


Recently, the numbers of lung transplantation (LT) has been increased in Korea. However, post-LT outcome has not been successful in all patients, which may be partially affected by the primary lung disease. Therefore comprehensive understanding in original pathological diagnosis of patients with LT would be needed for achieving better clinical outcome. To address this issue, we performed clinico-pathological analysis of the explanted lungs from 29 patients who underwent LT over a 9-yr period in Seoul National University Hospital. Among them, 26 patients received single (1/26) or double (25/26) LT, while heart-lung transplantation was performed in 3 patients. The final clinico-pathological diagnoses were idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis/usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) (n = 6), acute interstitial pneumonia (AIP)/diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) (n = 4), AIP/non-specific interstitial pneumonia with DAD (n = 1), collagen vascular disease-related interstitial lung disease (CVD-ILD)/DAD (n = 3), CVD-ILD/UIP (n = 1), lymphangioleiomyomatosis (n = 1), bronchiectasis (n = 4), pulmonary arterial hypertension (n = 2), tuberculosis (n = 1), bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) (n = 1), and lung cancer (n = 1). Moreover, 4 patients who had chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation due to hematologic malignancy showed unclassifiable interstitial pneumonia with extensive fibrosis in the lungs. Our study demonstrates that pathology of the explanted lungs from Korean patients with LT is different from that of other countries except for interstitial lung disease and bronchiectasis, which may be helpful for optimization of selecting LT candidates for Korean patients.


Histology; Lung Transplantation; Lung; Transplantation; Lung Disease, Interstitial; Bronchiectasis

MeSH Terms

Acinetobacter baumannii/isolation & purification
Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/*pathology
Lung Diseases, Interstitial/*pathology
*Lung Transplantation
Middle Aged
Republic of Korea
Treatment Outcome
Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci/isolation & purification
Young Adult


  • Fig. 1 Histologic features of explanted lungs showing non-specific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) with diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) pattern in a patient who clinically suggested with acute interstitial pneumonia. Diffuse interstitial thickening and chronic inflammatory cell infiltration are observed in both lobes, suggesting NSIP (A). In addition, focal DAD pattern is also observed in the right lobe (B) (Hematoxylin and eosin stain; original magnification: ×200).

  • Fig. 2 Histologic features of end-stage lung from patients who received chemotherapy and peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. Diffuse and marked interstitial fibrosis with nearly complete loss of alveolar spaces and shrinkage of the lung tissue around a bronchus are observed (Hematoxylin and eosin stain; original magnification: (A) ×100, (B) ×400).

  • Fig. 3 Survival curve based on the presence of pathologic diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) pattern using the Kaplan-Meier method with the log-rank test.


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