J Genet Med.  2016 Jun;13(1):41-45. 10.5734/JGM.2016.13.1.41.

A novel FBN1 gene mutation associated with early-onset pneumothorax in Marfan syndrome

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon, Korea. dr4baby@naver.com

Abstract

Marfan syndrome (MFS) is an inherited connective tissue disorder with a mutation in the fibrillin-1 (FBN1) gene. Fibrillin is a major building block of microfibrils, which constitute the structural component of the connective tissues. A 10-year-old girl visited our hospital with the chief complaint of precocious puberty. According to her medical history, she had a pulmonary wedge resection for a pneumothorax at 9 years of age. There was no family history of MFS. Mid parental height was 161.5 cm. The patient's height was 162 cm (>97th percentile), and her weight was 40 kg (75th-90th percentile). At the time of initial presentation, her bone age was approximately 11 years. From the ophthalmologic examination, there were no abnormal findings except myopia. There was no wrist sign. At the age of 14 years, she revisited the hospital with the chief complaint of scoliosis. Her height and weight were 170 cm and 50 kg, respectively, and she had arachnodactyly and wrist sign. We performed an echocardiograph and a test for the FBN1 gene mutation with direct sequencing of 65 coding exons, suspecting MFS. There were no cardiac abnormalities including mitral valve prolapse. A cytosine residue deletion in exon 7 (c.660delC) was detected. This is a novel mutation causing a frameshift in protein synthesis and predicted to create a premature stop codon. We report the case of a patient with MFS with a novel FBN1 gene missense mutation and a history of pneumothorax at a young age without cardiac abnormalities during her teenage years.

Keyword

Marfan syndrome; FBN1; Pneumothorax
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