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Posterior Correction of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis with High-Density Pedicle Screw-Only Constructs: 5 Years of Follow-Up

Hwang CJ, Baik JM, Cho JH, Yoon SJ, Lee DH, Lee CS

PURPOSE: This study aimed to analyze radiological outcomes in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) who underwent posterior correction with high-density pedicle screw-only constructs. We hypothesized that high-density pedicle screw-only...
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Happle-Tinschert Syndrome: A Case Report of Unilateral Segmentally Arranged Basaloid Follicular Hamartoma with Scoliosis and Review of Literature

Seo SH, Lee SE, Kim SC

Happle-Tinschert syndrome is a rare disease characterized by unilateral, segmentally arranged basaloid follicular hamartoma (BFH) with osseous, dental, and cerebral anomalies. Although BFH has been demonstrated to be associated with...
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Rare Cases of PLOD1-Related Kyphoscoliotic Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome in a Korean Family Identified by Next Generation Sequencing

Shin YL, Park YN, Jang MA

Kyphoscoliotic Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (kEDS) is an autosomal recessive connective tissue disorder characterized by muscular hypotonia, hyperextensible skin, skin fragility, joint hypermobility, and progressive kyphoscoliosis. The disorder results from a deficiency...
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An Application of Artificial Intelligence to Diagnostic Imaging of Spine Disease: Estimating Spinal Alignment From Moiré Images

Watanabe K, Aoki Y, Matsumoto

The use of artificial intelligence (AI) as a tool supporting the diagnosis and treatment of spinal diseases is eagerly anticipated. In the field of diagnostic imaging, the possible application of...
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Which Criterion Is More Reliable for Selecting the Distal Fusion Level in Cases of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis with Structural Thoracolumbar/Lumbar Curves: Static or Dynamic?

Cho JH, Hwang CJ, Park JW, Lee DH, Lee CS

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective comparative study. OBJECTIVES: To compare the reliability of 2 criteria to predict the radiological outcomes of corrective surgery in cases of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with structural thoracolumbar/lumbar...
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The Effect of Bracing on Spinopelvic Rotation and Psychosocial Parameters in Adolescents with Idiopathic Scoliosis

Khoshhal Y, Jalali M, Babaee T, Ghandhari , Gum JL

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of bracing on spinopelvic rotation and psychosocial parameters in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Complex three-dimensional deformity in AIS is...
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Periapical Wires Result in Less Curve Correction Than Pedicle Screw Constructs in Idiopathic Scoliosis

Esposito V, Dial BL, Fitch RD, Lark RK

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to compare percent correction between apical and periapical pedicle screw (PS) and sublaminar wire constructs for Cobb correction and coronal...
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Objective Monitoring of Brace Wearing Time in Adolescents with Scheuermann’s Kyphosis

Sharifi P, Kamyab M, Babaee T, Ganjavian

STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective cohort study. PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the potential differences between the objective and subjective bracing compliances of adolescents with Scheuermann’s kyphosis. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE:...
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Pierre Robin sequence with severe scoliosis in an adult: A case report of clinical and radiological features

Kim JJ, Choi DS, Jang I, Cha BK, Park IW

Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) is characterized by the triad of micrognathia, glossoptosis, and airway obstruction. PRS does not have a single pathogenesis, but rather is associated with multiple syndromes. This...
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Mid-length Pedicle Screws in Posterior Instrumentation of Scoliosis

Balikci T, Kıyak G, Heydar AM, Bawaneh MK, Bezer M

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective analysis of collected data. PURPOSE: We determine the need for the use of mid-length pedicle screws (screws with 2.5-mm long increments) during posterior spinal instrumentation. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Many...
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Hooks at the Upper Instrumented Vertebra Can Adjust Postoperative Shoulder Balance in Patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: 5 Years or More of Follow-up

Kuroya S, Akazawa T, Kotani T, Sakuma T, Minami S, Torii Y, Umehara T, Iinuma M, Murakami K, Orita S, Inage K, Eguchi Y, Fujimoto K, Shiga Y, Nakamura J, Inoue G, Miyagi M, Saito W, Ohtori S, Niki H

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate postoperative shoulder imbalance (PSI) ≥5 years postoperatively in patients who underwent posterior spinal fusion using hooks at the upper...
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Secondary Cervicothoracic Scoliosis in Congenital Muscular Torticollis

Kim JH, Yum TH, Shim JS

BACKGROUND: Although secondary cervicothoracic scoliosis frequently occurs in patients with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT), the relationship between scoliosis and CMT has not been evaluated. This study aims to evaluate the...
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Comparison of the Effects of Magnetically Controlled Growing Rod and Tradiotinal Growing Rod Techniques on the Sagittal Plane in the Treatment of Early-Onset Scoliosis

Erdoğan S, Polat B, Atıcı Y, Özyalvaç ON, Öztürk C

OBJECTIVE: Comparing the effects of magnetically controlled growing rod (MCGR) and traditional growing rod (TGR) techniques on the sagittal plane in the treatment of early-onset scoliosis (EOS). METHODS: Twelve patients were...
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Outcomes of Non-Operative Management for Pseudarthrosis after Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomies at Minimum 5 Years Follow-Up

Kim YC, Kim KT, Kim CK, Hwang IY, Jin WY, Lenke LG, Cha JR

OBJECTIVE: Minimal data exist regarding non-operative management of suspected pseudarthrosis after pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO). This study reports radiographic and clinical outcomes of non-operative management for post-PSO pseudarthrosis at a...
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What Should an Ideal Adult Spinal Deformity Classification System Consist of?: Review of the Factors Affecting Outcomes of Adult Spinal Deformity Management

Naresh-Babu J, Viswanadha AK, Ito M, Park JB

This literature review aims to determine potential clinical factors or comorbidities besides radiological parameters that affect the outcome of adult spinal deformity (ASD) management and review existing classifications associated with...
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Minimum 2-Year Experience with Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods for the Treatment of Early-Onset Scoliosis: A Systematic Review

Wu AM, Cheung JP, Cheung KM, Lin JL, Jin HM, Chen D, Wang XY, Zhao J, Kwan KY

Magnetically controlled growing rods have been used to treat early-onset scoliosis for the last 9 years; however, few studies have been published, with only short-term follow-up. The aim of the...
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A 1-Year Cost Analysis of Spinal Surgical Procedures in Spain: Neurosurgeons Versus Orthopedic Surgeons

Avellanal , Martin-Corvillo M, Barrigon L, Espi MV, Escolar CM

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the direct costs of various spinal surgical procedures within 1 year of follow-up and to compare the profiles of neurosurgeons and orthopedic surgeons. METHODS: All spinal procedures performed...
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Neural Axis Abnormalities in Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Is Routine Magnetic Resonance Imaging Indicated Irrespective of Curve Severity?

Fruergaard S, Ohrt-Nissen S, Dahl B, Kaltoft N, Gehrchen M

OBJECTIVE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-verified neural axis abnormalities (NAAs) have been described in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), and several risk factors have been associated with the presence of NAAs in...
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Is Cervical Stabilization for All Cases of Chiari-I Malformation an Overkill? Evidence Speaks Louder Than Words!

Deora H, Behari S, Sardhara J, Singh S, Srivastava AK

Chiari I malformation is characterized by the downward displacement of cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum. While discussing the treatment options for Chiari I malformation, the points of focus include:...
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Prevalence of Thoracic Scoliosis in Koreans Using Simple Chest Radiography

Chang DG, Kim GU, Suk SI, Lim DJ, Oh IT, Nam KY, Kim JH, Kim YH, Ha KY

STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To provide reference data for the study and treatment of thoracic scoliosis. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: There have been no reports on the prevalence of thoracic...
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