Korean J Women Health Nurs.  2015 Sep;21(3):197-206. 10.4069/kjwhn.2015.21.3.197.

Effect of Light Therapy on Sleep Disturbance and Depression in Climacteric Women

  • 1Department of Nursing, Kaya University, Busan, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Inje University, Busan, Korea. nursmh@inje.ac.kr
  • 3Institute for Health Science, Busan, Korea.


The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of light therapy on sleep disturbance and depression in climacteric women with menopausal symptoms.
The research design was a nonequivalent control group pre test-post test design. Data were collected from September 29, 2013 to November 11, 2013. Participants included 17 climacteric women in an artificial light therapy group, 17 climacteric women in a sun light therapy group and 16 climacteric women in a control group. Measures consisted of the sleep disturbance, depression, melatonin, and serotonin.
There was a statistically significant difference of Korean Sleep Scale A (F=53.87, p<.001), and melatonin (F=31.19, p<.001) among three groups. There was a statistically significant difference of Self-Rating Depression Scale (F=121.86, p<.001), and serotonin (F=102.37, p<.001) among three groups.
Artificial and sun light therapy can be applied as a supportive nursing intervention to subjects with sleep disturbance and depression in climacteric women with menopausal symptoms. Artificial and sun light therapy is expected to be a complementary alternative intervention for health management of the subjects with sleep disturbance and depression in climacteric women with menopausal symptoms.


Climacteric; Insomnia; Depression; Light; Therapy

MeSH Terms

Research Design
Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
Solar System


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