Korean J Community Nutr.  2002 Aug;7(4):539-547.

Nutrients Intake, Zinc Status and Health Risk Factors in Elderly Korean Women as Evaluated by the Nutrition Screening Inistiative (NSI) Checklist

  • 1Department of Food and Nutrition, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea. jsook@kmu.ac.kr


The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the health status as determined by a self-assessment checklist was related to the nutritional status of elderly Korean women. We interviewed 59 female subjects living in the Daegu area aged over 55 years. Information on their dietary intake on two consecutive days was collected by the 24-hour Recall Method. Their body compositions were measured using a Bio-electrical Impedence Fatness Analyzer. Their zinc status was evaluated according to their dietary zinc intake and urinary zinc excretion in urine samples collected for 24 hours. Their heath status was determined by a NSI Checklist. While 50.9% of the total subjects belonged to a moderate nutritional risk group, 23.7% of the subjects were at a high nutritional risk. It appeared that only 25.4% of the subjects were evaluated as being healthy. Therefore, the overall nutritional health status of the elderly females belonged to the moderate nutritional risk group. Except for vitamin C, the average daily nutrient intake of the subjects was below the level of the recommended dietary allowances (RDA) for Koreans. The lower the nutritional health score, the better was their dietary intake of energy (p < .05), protein (p < .001), and zinc (p < .01). A positive relationship between their nutritional health score and body fat ratio was also observed (p < .05). Therefore, we suggest that the NSI Checklist could be used as a practical screening tool at the beginning of nutritional surveillance of the elderly in the community.


NSI Checklist; health status; nutrients intake; zinc status

MeSH Terms

Adipose Tissue
Ascorbic Acid
Body Composition
Mass Screening*
Nutritional Status
Recommended Dietary Allowances
Risk Factors*
Ascorbic Acid
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