Korean J Blood Transfus.  1997 Dec;8(2):23-31.

Platelet Activation and Storage lesions in Apheresis Platelet Concentrates

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Clinical Pathology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Three cell separators are being used and they collect platelets with different centrifuge speed and duration. Because centrifugation may cause platelet activation, the differences of centrifuge speed and duration are important in controlling the quality of apheresis platelet products. We compared many parameters of activation of platelets collected by Spectra (Cobe BCT, Lakewood, CO, USA), CS3000plus (Baxter Healthcare, Fenwal Division, Round Lake, IL, USA) and Mobile Collection SystemTM (MCS, Haemonetics co., Braintree, MA, USA).
METHODS
Platelets were collected from ninety-five normal donors with Spectra (n=39), CS3000plus (n=19) and MCS (n=37). We underwent the procedure according to the automatic program set. We measured platelet yield and assayed pH, hypotonic shock respose (HSR), CD62 (p-selectin, GMP140) expression and beta-thromboglobulin in each stored unit on day 0 and day 3 for evaluation of the storage lesions.
RESULTS
Platelet yield per product was 3.7 +/- 1.2 x 1011, mean final product volume was 316 +/- 69 mL and mean procession time was 100 +/- 19 minutes. Mean collection efficiency was 42.5 +/- 8.3%. The cell separator volume of product collected by CS3000plus was the smallest while platelet concentration and total yield were the highest in the product collected by Spectra. The pH of the products were 7.1 +/- 0.1 on day 0 and 6.7 +/- 0.4 on day 3. Hypotonic shock response was 69 +/- 13 % on day 0 and 28 +/- 17 % on day 3. P-selectin expression was 19 +/- 9 % (4.2 +/- 1.9 relative fluorescence intensity, RFI) on day 0 and 60 +/- 22 % (17.9 +/- 14.2) on day 3. beta-thromboglobulin was 28.5 +/- 7.0 IU/107 platelets on day 0 and 31.3 +/- 7.2 IU/107 platelts on day 3. The comparison of the three cell separators showed that on day 0 platelet product of MCS has lower pH and higher beta-thromboglobulin release than others (p<0.05). And on day 3 platelet product of MDS has better hypotonic shock response than others (p<0.05). Other parameters revealed no differences among three cell separators. The expression of p-selectin was shown to correlate highly with pH reduction (r=0.72), but not with the release of beta-TG (r=0.24).
CONCLUSIONS
Most parameters showed no differences among three cell separators, but apheresis platelet concentrates processed by MCS showed lower pH on day 0 and higher beta-thromboglobulin concentration on day 0 and day 3 than apheresis platelet concentrates processed by Spectra or CS3000plus and hypotonic shock response on day 3 was the lowest in CS3000plus. So platelet activation produced during apheresis processing was lowest in apheresis platelet concentrates with Spectra.

Keyword

Cell separator; centrifugation; hypotonic shock response (HSR); P-selectin (CD62); beta-thromboglobulin
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