J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs.  2001 Dec;8(3):391-401.

A Study on the Variables that Influence Stages of Change in Smoking Cessation

Affiliations
  • 1College of Nursing, Korea University, Korea. sungok@korea.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify variables that influence smoking cessation based on the transtheoretical model .
METHODS
Variables that influence the stages of change in smoking cessation were selected based on transtheoretical model. Data were collected from 176 men aged 30-64 who smoked. Data collection was done in community settings in Seoul and vicinity, Korea between December, 1999 and June, 2000. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and logistic analysis using the pc-SAS program.
RESULTS
According to the logit model, the influence of significant variables on stage of change for smoking cessation suggest that; When the scores for Pros in decision making for smoking cessation are high, the possibility that the subjects are in the action, precontemplation and contemplation stage of change will be lower than the possibility that the subjects are in the maintenance stage of change. When the scores of habitual craving in smoking temptation is high, the possibility that the subjects are in the precontemplation and contemplation stage of change will be higher than the possibility that the subjects are in the maintenance stage of change. When the scores of smoking temptation in negative affect situations are high, the possibility that the subjects are in the contemplation stage of change will be higher than the possibility that the subjects are in the maintenance stage of change. When the scores of cognitive process in the process of change are high, the possibility that the subjects are in the contemplation stage of change will be higher than the possibility that the subjects are in the maintenance stage of change.
CONCLUSIONS
The results provide evidence that physical and psychological dependence on smoking are main barriers to smoking cessation. Therefore nursing interventions based on stage that focus on increasing motivation and intention for smoking cessation need to be developed.

Keyword

Stage of change; Smoking Cessation
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