J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2011 Jun;22(2):121-130. 10.12799/jkachn.2011.22.2.121.

The Effects of a Self-esteem and Smoking Cessation Self-efficiency Improvement Program on Smoking High School Students

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Uiduk University, Korea. kys-777@hanmail.net

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to understand the effects of a program to improve self-esteem and smoking cessation self-efficiency on smoking high school students' self-esteem, smoking cessation self-efficiency, amount of smoking, cotinine in urine, and carbon monoxide while exhalation.
METHODS
This research was conducted as a quasi-experimental pretest and posttest control and experimental group methodological comparison study. The subjects were 45 smoking high school students (Exp.=22, Cont.=23) in U City. Data were collected from October 19 to December 7, 2010, and analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 12.0 program by frequency, Mann-Whitney test, means, standard deviations, and Willcoxon signed rank test.
RESULTS
After the treatment, those belonging to the experimental group showed significantly increased self-esteem and smoking cessation self-efficacy and also showed decreased amount of smoking, cotinine in urine, and carbon monoxide while exhalation compared to the control group.
CONCLUSION
The self-esteem and smoking cessation self-efficacy improvement program was effective in improving self-esteem and smoking cessation self-efficacy and in diminishing the amount of smoking, cotinine in urine and carbon monoxide while exhalation. Therefore, this program is recommended as a smoking cessation strategy for smoking adolescents.

Keyword

Self esteem; Smoking cessation; Self efficacy; Cotinine; Carbon monoxide
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