Korean J Phys Anthropol.  2009 Mar;22(1):71-83.

Inhibitory Effect of Bear Bile on Compound 48/80-induced Mast Cell Activation and IgE-mediated Vascular Permeability

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Anatomy, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Korea. asch@chonbuk.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Anatomy, Yanbian University College of Medicine, Yanji, China.
  • 3Institute for Medical Sciences, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea.

Abstract

The bear bile has been used as a traditional drug medicine and has been known to have anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects. The purpose of this study is to investigate the inhibitory effect of bear bile on compound 48/80-induced mast cell activation in vitro and anti-dinitrophenyl (DNP) IgE-mediated vascular permeability in vivo. For this, the effects of bear bile on the degranulation, histamine release, calcium influx and the change of the intracellular cAMP levels of rat peritoneal mast cells (RPMCs) and the influences of the oral treatment of bear bile on IgE-mediated cutaneous vascular permeability were studied. the results were as follows; the compound 48/80-induced degranulation, histamine release and calcium influx of RPMCs were inhibited by pretreatment with bear bile, the cAMP levels of RPMCs were increased by pretreatment with bear bile, and bear bile inhibited anti-DNP IgE-mediated cutaneous vascular permeability. From the above results, it is suggested that bear bile contains some substances which inhibit anti-DNP IgE-mediated vascular permeability and mast cell activation. Bear bile potentially may serve as an effective therapeutic agent for allergic diseases.

Keyword

Mast cell; Bear bile; Compound 48/80; IgE; Histamine release; Calcium; cAMP

MeSH Terms

Animals
Antioxidants
Bile
Calcium
Capillary Permeability
Histamine Release
Immunoglobulin E
Mast Cells
Rats
Ursidae
Antioxidants
Calcium
Immunoglobulin E
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