Korean J Otolaryngol-Head Neck Surg.  1997 Nov;40(11):1691-1695.

Sensorinerual Hearing Loss Harboring a Mitochondrial DNA tRNA(Leu(UUR)) Point Mutation

Affiliations
  • 1Deptartment of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Seuol National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

It is well known that sensorineural heating loss(SNHL) may be frequently associated with mitochondrial DNA(mtDNA) mutations. Mitochondrial DNA mutations associated SNHL have previously described in aminoglycoside-induced hearing loss(A1553G in the mitochondrial 12S ribosomal RNA gene) and diabetes with hearing loss(A3243G in the mitochondrial transfer RNA(Leu(UUR)) gene. The authors report a case of SNHL and diabetes mellitus associated with mtDNA mutation(A3243G). Patient had adult-onset maternally inherited diabetes mellitus. The SNHL appeared to be in progess since adolescence and was bilateral and symmetric. Bilateral hearing was impaired in all frequencies and was deteriorated more severely at high frequencies. Audiometric test results suggested that hearing loss involved in the cochlear rather than the retrocochlear. The point mutation of mtDNA should be suspected in patients with progressive cochlear hearing loss when they also have a family history of diabetes and/or hearing impairment.

Keyword

Mitochondrial DAN mutation; Sensorineural hearing loss; Diabetes mellitus

MeSH Terms

Adolescent
Diabetes Mellitus
DNA, Mitochondrial*
Hearing Loss*
Hearing Loss, Sensorineural
Hearing*
Heating
Hot Temperature
Humans
Point Mutation*
RNA, Ribosomal
DNA, Mitochondrial
RNA, Ribosomal
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