Korean J Obstet Gynecol.  2008 Oct;51(10):1203-1209.

A case of uterine angioleiomyoma causing severe anemia

  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. harmony4@catholic.ac.kr


Angioleiomyoma is a benign mesenchymal neoplasm composed of smooth muscle cells and thick-walled vessels. It usually originates in the extremities or the head. Thus angioleiomyoma of the uterus is a very rare so that there were only 10 cases in the available English literature. Angioleiomyoma cause no serious problems with regard to diagnosis and are simply recognized as benign leiomyomas. These tumors happen to be found only after the surgery through histologic findings. It is therefore extremely difficult to diagnose angioleiomyoma by its shape through preoperative sonography test. We experienced a case of angioleiomyoma with massive vaginal bleeding causing severe anemia which seemed as a benign leiomyoma before the surgery. Hence, we report this case with a brief review of literature.


Angioleiomyoma; Uterus
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