Korean J Obes.  2011 Dec;20(4):193-201.

The Evaluation of Workplace Obesity Intervention Program using Six Sigma Methodology

Affiliations
  • 1Radiation Health Research Institute, Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power Co., Ltd., Korea. ympaek2000@hanmail.net
  • 2Department of Medical Nutrition, Kyung Hee University, Korea.
  • 3Research Institute of Clinical Nutrition, Kyung Hee University, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
This study was performed to develop, evaluate, and implement an effective obesity intervention program using the DMAIC (Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, Control) methodology.
METHODS
A workplace obesity intervention program involving 100 obese male workers (% body fat > or = 25% and BMI > or = 25 kg/m2) was conducted five times (20~30 minutes each time) for 12 weeks. The intervention involved a face-to-face counseling.
RESULTS
The selected critical to quality (CTQ) according to the Define phase was % body fat. The subjects' mean % body fat, measured during Measure phase, was 27.8% and the sigma level was 0.54sigma. According to the analyse phase, the total energy intake (r = 0.417; P < 0.001) and frequency of exercise (r = -0.317; P < 0.01) were considered as potential factors influencing % body fat. Therefore, these factors were implemented in the intervention protocol. By performing six sigma methodologies, % body fat was significantly decreased from 27.8% to 26.2%, and the sigma level was improved from 0.54sigma to 1.27sigma.
CONCLUSIONS
The six sigma methodology was well suited for implementing a more efficient and cost-effective intervention, for enhancing the quality of the intervention, and for facilitating the successful adoption of the process and protocol into practice.

Keyword

Obesity; Six sigma; Workplace; Intervention; Cost-effective
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