J Korean Orthop Res Soc.  2000 Apr;3(1):36-42.

The Effect of Fluid Flow Induced Shear Stress on the Prostaglandin E2 and Nitric Oxide Production of Osteoblast

  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Ulsan University Asan Institute for Life Science, Korea.


It has been generally known that bone tissue responds to the mechanical stress with an adaptative change in the mass and the structure. Recently, the signal transduction pathways involved in fluid flow have been reported, and several mechanotransduction products were suggested. This study was designed to verify the prostaglandin E2(PGE2) and nitric oxide(NO) involving as the biomechanical transducing material of the osteoblast to the fluid flow stimuli. We have checked changes in PGE2 and NO production after applying fluid flow-induced shearing stress to the primary high-density monolayer cultures of chicken fetus osteoblasts. PGE2 and nitrite which is the stable end-product of nitric oxide oxidationas are measured spectrophotometrically, the former using enzyme immunoassay system and the latter using Griess reaction. As a result, PGE2 and NO production by osteoblast was increased after applying the fluid flow-induced shear stress: PGE2 production was increased accumulatively in response to the duration of stress. There were no significant changes in NO production after 6 hours of the stress, but production of NO was markedly increased only after 24 hours. From the above findings, it was confirmed that osteoblast increased the production of PGE2 and NO in respond to the fluid flow-induced shearing stress and that PGE2 production is an earlier response to mechanical stimuli than the production of NO.


Osteoblast; Fluid flow; Shear stress; PGE2; Nitric Oxide

MeSH Terms

Bone and Bones
Immunoenzyme Techniques
Nitric Oxide*
Signal Transduction
Stress, Mechanical
Nitric Oxide
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