J Korean Med Assoc.  2007 Mar;50(3):221-227. 10.5124/jkma.2007.50.3.221.

Clinical Assessment of Aging

  • 1Department of Family Medicine, Hallym University College of Medicine, Korea. rohyk@hallym.ac.kr


There are two ways to assess aging: to evaluate the function and to estimate the biological age. The biological age is estimated objectively by measuring the level of biological aging, taking apart with disease. It is measured with some biomarkers, which reflect the change of organ function and body with aging. It is, however, difficult to use in clinical practice. The evaluation of function is more practical and easier to clinicians. The parameters used include Activities of Daily Living (ADL), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), and Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE) to evaluate the level of cognitive function. Balance test, standing up from chair, and walking pace can be checked to evaluate the physical function. Each method has its own limitations in evaluating the degree of aging precisely.


Aging; Assessment; Biological Age; Function
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